4 most common gynecological diseases

1. Vaginal discharge

Vaginal discharge, one of the most common gynecological problems in women, is the physiological discharge usually seen in every woman and is very natural. Although vaginal discharge is generally white, transparent and odorless, some conditions cause a deterioration in the balance of the vaginal flora and abnormal vaginal discharge. Abnormal vaginal discharge in different colors is a sign of several health problems. Therefore, if you are experiencing discharge, it is important to monitor the color, smell, density and consistency of the discharge in order to take early precautions against possible diseases. If you experience problems such as itching, irritation, redness and bad smell in the vulva or vagina along with the problem of vaginal discharge, then vaginal inflammation is due to an infection such as bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections (Candida Albicans) and trichomonas. due to change.

With a yeast infection, which is seen in the form of white milk curds, the discharge is accompanied by a pungent, foul odor, but this causes symptoms such as itching, burning, irritation, painful urination or pain during intercourse. vaginal discharge; If it is thick, has a foul odor, and appears yellow or green in color, such a discharge could be a sign of a Trichomonas infection, which is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse. When diagnosing trichomonas infection, symptoms such as itching, redness, irritation, burning sensation when urinating and frequent urination should not be ignored. bacterial vaginosis; It is one of the abnormal vaginal discharges that can be seen in a gray color, transparent and sometimes frothy texture, giving symptoms with a fishy smell like discharge. Bacterial vaginosis, which is caused by the deterioration of the vaginal flora and is accompanied by symptoms such as itching, irritation and redness, can cause painful intercourse problems. With such abnormal vaginal discharge, you should definitely consult a gynecologist and obstetrician.

2. Menstrual irregularities

Irregular periods are a common condition experienced by women of all ages. Although a normal menstrual cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days, it is called menstrual irregularity if the menstrual bleeding occurs earlier or later than the menstrual cycle. Irregular periods, which can arise for various reasons, are usually caused by hormonal reasons. For a woman to menstruate regularly, it is important that the hypothalamus, pituitary, ovary and uterus are in balance and that the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which are the determining hormones in the menstrual cycle, are secreted in a healthy way.

Formations such as polyps and cysts in women’s reproductive organs (ovary, uterus) account for about 25 percent of the causes of menstrual irregularities in women. Conditions that can lead to irregular periods and breakthrough bleeding are as follows; Thickening of the endometrial tissue (adenomyosis), problems due to ovulation, absence of eggs in the egg reserve, fibroids, polyps or cysts, regularly used hormone medicines, contraceptive pills and morning after pills, hormonal disorders, infectious diseases, cysts in the uterus and ovaries. The physiological conditions experienced are a large part of the causes of menstrual irregularities. Stressful life, depression, excessive weight gain, sudden weight loss, dietary changes, seasonal and environmental changes, strenuous exercise programs, chronic diseases and some medications are among the physiological conditions that cause menstrual irregularities. The causes of irregular periods can vary from person to person. Therefore, you should definitely consult a gynecologist if you suffer from irregular periods, bleeding between menstrual cycles, or if your periods are heavy and painful. In this way, the cause of the irregular menstruation is determined and appropriate treatment is started.

3. Groin pain

While there are many reasons that lead to the complaint of groin pain, groin pain in women can be caused by a harmless condition related to the reproductive system, related to ovulation; Diseases such as ovarian cysts, vaginal infections, urinary tract infections, digestive disorders, sports injuries, and overuse conditions are also among the most common causes of groin pain.

Conditions that cause groin pain include: ovulation pain, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, adenomyosis and endometriosis, urinary tract infection, cystitis and urethritis, adhesions (intra-abdominal adhesions), endometrial polyp, use of coils, recent delivery and caesarean section, overactive bladder, lumbar and inguinal hernia, appendicitis, stone and sand formations in bladder and urinary tract, constipation, ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, stress, depression and other mental disorders. be investigated. Therefore, if you suffer from groin pain, you should definitely seek help from a specialist doctor if the pain does not go away and reaches an unpleasant size. It is very important to get professional support to determine the cause of the groin pain complaint and to perform the correct treatment for the underlying cause of the pain.

4. Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence, the medical equivalent of which is urinary incontinence, is an involuntary incontinence that occurs beyond the person’s control. urinary incontinence;

– Stress urinary incontinence
– Stress type urinary incontinence (overactive bladder)
There are varieties, including mixed-type urinary incontinence. The majority of urinary incontinence in women is stress urinary incontinence.
urinary incontinence; It can occur involuntarily during movements that increase intra-abdominal pressure, such as coughing, sneezing, lifting heavy weights, and exercising, as well as when you are unable to reach the toilet in case of a sudden strong urge to urinate. in the causes of urinary incontinence; birth, delivery of a large baby, menopause, overweight, obesity, alcohol consumption, diabetes, heredity (loose connective tissue in some women), constipation, urinary tract infections, urinary tract stones, some diseases that affect the central and peripheral nervous system, asthma, Diseases such as chronic bronchitis, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s are the causes of urinary incontinence.
The problem of urinary incontinence, a condition that negatively affects the person’s quality of life, can be easily solved by using different treatment methods such as medication or surgery, depending on the type of urinary incontinence, after the type of urinary incontinence is certain. Although the urinary incontinence problem is still mild, the chances of success with drug treatment and surgical treatments are quite high.

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