9 Critical Signs of Allergic Rhinitis in the Spring

associate Dr. Ela Araz Server provided information on the causes and treatment methods of allergic rhinitis.

Avoid pollen, tree, grass, mold and animal dander

Allergic rhinitis occurs when the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the nose reacts to allergic substances. Allergic rhinitis, which can occur at any age but whose symptoms begin in most people in childhood or young adulthood, is more severe than at other ages caused by small particles defined as allergens. Particles too small to see with the naked eye, formed by pollen, trees, grasses, molds, animal dander and mites (house dust), are more common in the spring months when nature begins to awaken. This situation makes allergic rhinitis more common in the spring months.

Asthma and eczema patients are more at risk

People with a family history of allergic rhinitis, especially those with asthma or eczema, have a higher risk of developing this condition. In addition, the incidence of allergic rhinitis is higher in children whose parents smoke, live in an apartment and have pets.

The horizontal line at the tip of the nose may be caused by allergic rhinitis.

Symptoms such as runny nose, itching, sneezing or allergic rhinitis caused by pollen, mites or animal dander and cold caused by the common cold are the same. While nasal discharge is transparent and abundant in allergic rhinitis, it is darker in colds. Additional symptoms such as fever, malaise, muscle joint pain, sore throat that occur with a cold disappear within a few days. In allergic rhinitis, the symptoms continue during exposure to the allergen.

The main symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:

1. Stuffy nose
2. Watery runny nose and itching
3. sneeze
4. Itching, redness, swelling and darkening of the skin under the eyes
5. Throat and palate itching
6. Itching, congestion in the ears
7. Mouth breathing and frequent waking
8. Reduction in social life activities
9. Allergic salutation (horizontal lines on the tip of the nose where the patient often pushes their nose upwards with their hands due to itching)

Begin treatment by moving away from the allergy-causing environment.

The patient’s history and symptoms are very important in the diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis. The question is in which situation the symptoms occur when exposed to what. The definitive diagnosis is made with the examinations that are performed after some findings in the Ear Nose Throat examination. It is very important to determine what the patient is allergic to in the tests. The easiest, fastest and most economical test is the “Leather Prick” test. It is made by dripping small amounts of various allergens onto the skin. Skin reactions that occur are evaluated. The “serum specific IgE antibody test” can be performed in the blood of patients whose results cannot be obtained with the skin prick test. In the treatment of allergic rhinitis, the first step is to remove the area and allergens that are causing the allergy in the patient. Drug treatments are then started according to the patient’s allergy tests. The main goal of drug treatment is to reduce the symptoms of an allergic reaction. In cases that cannot be controlled with drug therapy, immunotherapy, that is, vaccine treatments, is applied. There is no surgical treatment for allergic rhinitis. In the case of turbinate swelling secondary to allergy, turbinate reduction may be performed.

Do your morning walks and chores during pollen-free hours

It is very important for patients with a history of allergic rhinitis to determine which defense mechanism responds to which allergen, depending on the tests they have had. The patient who is aware of the allergy should stay away from these substances as much as possible. Those who are allergic to house dust (mite) should not keep dusty carpets, soft toys, items made of woolen materials in their homes and workplaces, the floors of their homes and workplaces should be furnished with dust-proof materials and cleaned with high vacuum cleaners every day. Likewise, anti-allergic bedding sets, duvets and pillows should be used on the beds. In the patient with pollen allergy; During pollination periods, he should not walk in the early hours of the morning, separate his clothes from home and outside, and ventilate the house during non-pollination hours. It is important that people with an animal allergy do not keep animals in the home environment and do not have close contact with animals outside.

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