About Spine Health
Stenosis Definition (Meaning)
Stenosis (from Ancient Greek “στενός”, meaning “narrow”) is an abnormality in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure that has formations such as foramina and ducts.
How is stenosis diagnosed?
Symptoms of lumbar canal stenosis include pain, numbness, or weakness in the legs, groin, hips, buttocks, and lower back. Symptoms usually worsen when walking or standing and may be relieved when lying down, sitting, or leaning slightly forward.
What is stenosis surgery?
It aims to relieve the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. In addition, the location of the narrow canal and the level of compression determine the type of surgery. In surgery, structures such as discs, bones and ligaments that cause compression of the spinal cord are removed if necessary.
Kyphosis is a condition in which the spine curves forward. In fact, the spine is already curved forward (kyphotic) in the dorsal region and a hollow (lordotic) appearance in the lumbar region.
What causes kyphosis?
Age-related kyphosis is usually caused by weakness causing the bones of the spine to compress or crack. Other types of kyphosis can occur in infants or teenagers due to a malformation of the spine or compression of the spinal bones over time. Mild kyphosis causes a few problems.
What is kyphosis and where does it occur?
Kyphosis, also known as humpback, is one of the disorders that appear in the back and chest area. When the kyphosis patient is viewed from the side, the head is slightly ahead of the body and the protrusion on the back is noticeable, while the lumbar pit is larger than normal. There are degrees of this disease, which manifests itself as a curvature of the spine.
Is kyphosis genetic?
Forward curvature of the spine is called kyphosis and is considered congenital because it occurs before birth. Congenital kyphosis does not show familial inheritance, it occurs without knowing the cause.
Does kyphosis go away with fitness?
What matters is the degree of kyphosis detected. As a result of the measurements, significant improvements can be observed in kyphosis up to 50 -55 degrees with regular exercise, correct posture, and correct posture techniques.
Lordosis Medical Definition
Lordosis can be defined as an increase or flattening of the lumbar cavity. When we look at our spine from the side, there is an inward curve in the neck and waist, and an outward curve in the back. The fact that these curves are within certain limits is necessary to protect our mobility and quality of life.
Where does lordosis happen?
Lordosis is a condition in which there is an excessive curvature of the spine in the lumbar region. The spine is naturally curved to support the weight of the head from the back, neck, and waist and neutralize shocks. Lordosis occurs when the natural curvature in the lumbar region is above normal.
How is lordosis diagnosed?
People with lordosis often have a visible arch in the waist. When viewed from the side, the waist makes a certain C-shape. Also, people with lordosis seem to protrude their stomachs and hips. The easiest way to control lordosis is to lie on your back on a hard surface.
What should people with lordosis do? Lordosis and Pilates Exercises
There is no surgery for this condition. The biggest cure is to exercise and get good physical therapy. You can start treatment by working one-on-one with a private medical pilates instructor.
The spine serves as structural support for the body, protects the central nervous system, and facilitates movement. University Faculty of Health Sciences Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Program Head Prof. Dr. “Simply put, every movement originates in the spine. We can say that spinal health is extremely important for everyone from athletes to sedentary individuals. Without a healthy spine, everyday tasks and movements such as sitting up, bending over, picking up objects, walking, bending, and moving the neck can become extremely difficult or painful. When the spine is injured, limited mobility can be expected and the inability to move normally without pain can reduce the quality of life. Therefore, it is important to give importance to spinal health and to understand its role in the quality of life.
The spine has three main functions. These functions are listed as protecting the spinal cord and related nerve roots, providing structural support and balance to maintain an upright posture, and allowing flexible movement. The nervous system uses the spinal cord to transmit electrical impulses. Pressure, touch, cold, heat, pain, and sensory information from the skin, muscles, joints and internal organs are all carried by the spinal cord. “A damaged spinal cord can disable the senses in certain parts of the body, interrupting neural responses.”
Heavy objects must be lifted with proper technique. Demirci said that if the lifting technique is wrong, the spine can be damaged. Demirci said: “If the item is too heavy, then help should be sought and not attempted to lift it alone. To lift properly, stand as close to the object as possible and use the legs and knees to lift the object to lift, rather than the back and upper body Posture is essential when carrying a load Knowing and maintaining the optimal posture will help you avoid injury by keeping the right muscles working In an optimal posture the chin should be back, shoulders back and relaxed, keeping the natural curves of the spine, pelvis in a neutral position, knees very slightly bent, both feet straight and toes pointing out.
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Lifting and carrying a load to the waist is easier than lifting and carrying a load on the floor. Prof. Dr. Demirci indicated that increasing the height of the object to be transported would be an ergonomic solution. Demirci gave the following information: “When lifting heavy objects, the feet should be at a certain distance, the load to be lifted should be kept close to the body, the hips and knees should be bent, the load should be lifted using the legs and hips, the back should be kept straight while maintaining the natural curves of the spine during the lifting and lowering phases. When lifting and lowering, the movement should be controlled and the lifting should be done by the load on both sides of the body. When lifting a heavy object from the ground, it is extremely harmful to health to lift the spine by twisting it, making jerky movements, bending the legs by keeping the legs straight, lifting the load, and carrying a load with one side of the body. Maintaining an active lifestyle helps reduce the risk of lower back, neck, and back pain.
Optimal exercise includes a tailored combination of aerobic activity, core and core strengthening, and stretching exercises. It would be helpful to get support from a physiotherapist. Doing stretches to stay flexible also helps support joint function and range of motion. This, in turn, helps promote spinal health and reduce the overall risk of injury. Rather than waiting for the pain to begin to exercise and risk further injury, it would be beneficial to perform resistance exercises with lighter weights to increase the strength and endurance of weak upper back, neck, and shoulder muscles. On the other hand, it is beneficial to maintain a healthy weight. A good diet and exercise are the most important ways to maintain a healthy weight.”
Demirci said: “It would be better to prefer backpacks in which the load is equally distributed on both shoulders instead of shoulder bags. When a heavy bag is worn on the same shoulder for a long time, the shoulder starts to roll forward and down. This can cause stress in the upper back and neck muscles, to avoid this, the side of the bag should be changed throughout the day.” made its assessment.