The distinction between urban, industrialized coastal areas in the southwest of Finland and the rural interior in the northeast is an important historical and regional distinction in terms of culture and identity. However, socialist and non-socialist ties make more sense at the political level. Despite these differences, most citizens strongly believe that they share a common culture and heritage.
Everything about Finland
Finland borders Russia to the east, the Gulf of Finland and Estonia to the south, the Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden to the west, and Norway to the north and northwest. A quarter of its territory is north of the Arctic Circle. Four physiographic-biotic zones divide the country. The archipelago belt includes the southwestern coastal waters and the Åland Islands. A narrow, low-relief coastal plain with clay soils, historically the area of most concentrated rural settlement and mixed agricultural production, lies between the borders of Russia and Sweden.
Finnish belongs to the family of Finno-Ugric languages, a group in Northeastern Europe, Russia and Western Siberia, which also includes Saami (Lapp) and Hungarian. The most closely related languages are Estonian, Votic, Livonian, Vepsian and the closely related Karelian dialects of the Balto-Finnik branch.
About 1.5 million saunas are important visual architectural symbols, especially in the rural landscape. Ritualized bathing in the sauna promotes a web of cultural ideas about sociability, hospitality, cleanliness, health, sisu (“daring tenacity”) and athletics. Kalevala, an epic poem synthesized by Elias Lönnrot in the early nineteenth century, is a powerful literary evocation of Finnish origin, unity and destiny as a people.
Livestock is an important element in the farming economy, as are fishing, hunting, tar production and peddling. Craft and craft traditions are historically well developed and some have survived the transition to industrial production. The men specialize in furniture, armor, wooden pots or “kile” (vakka) and metalworking. The sheath knife (puukko) was a versatile tool and is still a symbol of masculinity in recreational hunting and fishing. Women specialized in textiles and bobbin lace. Woven wool tapestries (ryijy) have become a particularly popular art form in homes symbolizing a family’s heritage.
Traditional notions of the supernatural have much in common with those of other Balto-Finnish peoples. The creation of the world was associated with the cultural hero Väinämöinen. Prior to Christian and medieval Scandinavian influence, religion encompassed shamanism, with practitioners mediating between the present-day world and the upper and lower realms of the universe. Life and death formed a close union in the traditional Finnish and Karelian faith. The death was largely seen as a move to a new home. As a symbol of cleanliness and purity, the sauna was the center of therapeutic and therapeutic activities, as well as ritualized social baths. Giving birth in saunas was common before hospitals were invented in the twentieth century. Some of these traditions still continue today.
Meaning of the Finnish Flag
The Finnish flag is in the form of a blue cross on a white background. The national coat of arms, a crowned lion standing on a red field with silver roses, is derived from Swedish heraldry of the sixteenth century and appears on various postage stamps, banknotes and coins, and official seals.
Capital of Finland
The Finnish capital is Helsinki.
The Finnish currency is the Euro.
Time difference between Finland and Turkey
There is no time difference between Turkey and Finland.