The abbreviated name “Ja” and the Rastafari term “Jamdung” (Jamdown) are used by some residents, especially Jamaicans abroad, with “Yaahd” (Yard), which refers to the deterritorialization of national culture.
All about Jamaica
Jamaica, one of the Greater Antilles, is located in the south of Cuba. Divided into fourteen neighborhoods, the area is 4,244 square miles (10,990 square kilometers). Kingston, which had a quarter of the population in 1872, is the capital. Fifty-three percent of the population lives in cities. The population is 90 percent black, 1 percent East Indian and 7 percent mixed, with a few whites and Chinese. The black demographic includes descendants of African slaves, indentured servants after slavery, and people of mixed descent. East Indians and Chinese came as indentured servants.
The official language is English, which reflects the British colonial heritage, but even in official contexts, a number of creole dialects are spoken that reflect class, place and social context. The national motto, adopted after independence from Britain in 1962, is “One of many”.
Resolution schemes were initiated with afforestation activities. The lowland plantations, complete with urban trade and administrative centers, ports and internal markets were the center of activity. As plantations declined and population increased, urban centers grew faster than employment, leading to an expansion of slums and a growth in urban trade and other ‘informal’ economic activities.
The architecture reflects a synthesis of African, Spanish and Baroque British influences. Pre-Columbian traces can be seen in the use of palm fronds, reeds and adobe walls (clay). Styles, materials, size and decor vary more by ethnicity than by class. Since much of Caribbean life is spent outdoors, this has influenced the design and size of buildings, especially among the rural poor.
Much of the national wealth is in the hands of a small number of fair or white families, and a significant portion is managed by individuals of Chinese and Middle Eastern descent. Blacks are largely confined to small and medium retail outlets. While race has also played a decisive role in social stratification, it has not taken on a caste-like shape and individuals are constantly judged on the basis of color and physical characteristics.
As a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Jamaica has a bicameral parliamentary legislature. The executive branch consists of the British monarch, the governor-general, the prime minister and deputy prime minister, and the cabinet. The legislature consists of the Senate and the 60-member elected House of Representatives. The judiciary consists of the Supreme Court and several lower courts. The social development system combines local government programs and policies, international government support, and the participation of local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs). It is largely administered by the Ministry of Youth and Social Development.
Meaning of the Flag of Jamaica
The black color, the opposite equilateral triangle, on Jamaica’s flag represents the poverty and hardship the country has endured from past to present. The green triangles at the top and bottom represent agriculture and hope. The yellow line between them symbolizes underground wealth, sun and beauty.
Capital of Jamaica
The capital of Jamaica is Kingston.
Currency of Jamaica
The currency of Jamaica is called the Jamaican dollar.
Time difference between Jamaica and Turkey
The time difference between Jamaica and Turkey is 8 hours. While it is 10am in Jamaica, it is 6pm in Turkey.