There is alarm about foot and mouth disease, which is deeply affecting livestock farming in Turkey. As a precautionary measure against the risk of foot and mouth disease of the SAT-2 serotype, which has been observed in several provinces for about 2 months, the entry and exit of animals in Kırıkkale was banned and animal markets were also closed. The statement of the provincial directorate of agriculture and forestry stated that there are 64 thousand cattle and 175 thousand sheep and goats in the entire province. It has been reported that foot and mouth disease has not been detected in animals in Kırıkkale so far.
In a statement to the IHA reporter, veterinarian Behiye Dündar stated that foot and mouth disease is a viral disease that affects ruminants and said: “Unfortunately, foot and mouth disease is a viral disease that causes economic losses and is transmitted to the herd and barn very quick.”
“It causes a loss of milk and meat yield”
Explaining that foot and mouth disease occurs in the form of sores in the mouth, chest region or hairless areas, Dündar said:
“Due to the fire it creates, stagnation causes misfortune. It limits the eating power of the animal through infection. This causes loss of milk and meat yield. You will see our animals, which we have worked and raised for months, melting inside. ” 10 days and cannot bring any economic profit. Recovery from the disease takes months. In calves younger than 6 months. It also occurs in death from foci that may originate in the heart. Foot and mouth disease is not fatal, but we can clearly say that it is fatal in the offspring. It can be transmitted in contact with birds, air and ground, even within 400 meters of the entire flock. It is a very serious economic loss. It’s almost 50 percent in terms of animal loss.”
‘It is a disease that can only be prevented with vaccinations’
Dündar stated that the disease can only be prevented by vaccination and said, “Unfortunately, as it is a viral disease, clear treatment is not recommended. It is a disease that can only be prevented by vaccinations. Regular vaccinations, quarantine throughout the country, in the whole region, banning the entry and exit of animals. It will prevent its spread a little bit,” he said.
“Seen in ruminants”
Dundar said: “It is mainly seen in cattle and sheep. That is, in ruminants. Cows, calves, beef cattle, sheep, especially in pregnant women, because of the high fever that rises to the offspring, not only our meat loss, but also our loss of offspring, our pregnancy losses, etc,” he said.