Septal deviation (nasal curvature), the nose, is the basic structure that is the starting point of the airways and ensures healthy breathing, which is one of the most vital functions of the body system.
All bone and cartilage structures located in the focal point of the face, serving as a wall between the two wall openings of the nose and forming the midline of the nose, are called “nasal decapitation”. If the nasal septum is somehow crooked or misplaced, healthy breathing cannot be achieved. The breathing process has an important and vital place for the health of the whole body. For this reason, respiratory problems that occur with a deviation of the nasal septum not only cause complaints about breathing, but also cause harmful effects on the health of the whole body and negatively affect people’s lives.
What is Septal Deviation?
Due to the anatomical structure of the nose, the midline of the nose, called the nasal septum, must be positioned in a certain way so that the respiratory function can be performed in a healthy and correct manner. However, the nasal septum, which is composed of cartilage and bone that forms the midline of the nose, may not be positioned correctly or may be curved due to genetic or later trauma. The situation where the bone and cartilage tissue formed by the trapezoidal nasal septum in the midline of the nose makes it difficult for the person to breathe through the nose is called septal deviation.
Septal deviation is a condition in which breathing becomes difficult due to the curvature or curvature of the bone and cartilage in the nose, and in some cases it becomes impossible to breathe when the nostrils are completely closed.
Deviation of the septum usually occurs as a result of exposure to physical trauma (knocks, falls, etc.) and in some cases it can occur during the process in the mother’s womb or due to genetic reasons.
What Causes Septal Deviation?
The mid-wall of the nose, along with other structures in the nose, begin to develop from the mother’s uterus, and the development of cartilage in the nose continues until age 18. Strokes as long as nasal cartilage development is complete Trauma caused by blows to this area or problems with the anatomical structure of the nose at birth can cause a deviation of the septum.
Let’s list these reasons:
– Presence of nasal bridge by inheritance,
– Hereditary asymmetry in the nose or nostrils,
– Blows to the nasal area can cause bone displacement. This situation spoils the aesthetic appearance over time.
What problems occur?
Nasal congestion, the most obvious symptom of septal deviation, causes difficulty breathing. Some people with mild septal abnormality develop symptoms during a cold.
We can list the health problems caused by septal deviation as follows;
– Nasal congestion on one or both sides
– Snoring or apnea
– Obstruction in the Eustachian tube
– Fluid accumulation in the ear
– running nose
– Recurrent nosebleeds
– Recurrent or prolonged pharyngitis, sinusitis, bronchitis diseases
How Is Septal Deviation Diagnosed?
Nasal respiration can be objectively determined by rhinomanometric measurements and the volume and stenosis of all nasal passages can be determined by acoustic rhinometry.
The diagnosis of septal deviation can be made by detailed endoscopic examination of the nasal region.
How is septal deviation treated?
In a healthy nose, enlargements can occur from the back of the anterior entrance hole. At this time, if there is a problem in the nasal tunnel from the entrance to the exit, there is a problem with breathing, which is our basic life function. The most common cause of this condition, which obstructs air passage through the nasal tunnel, is the protrusion and nodule formed by the middle wall of the nose. This protrusion and bump occur in a structure called the septum, which is made up of cartilage and bone that divides the nasal cavity in two.
The curvature of the nasal septum, which due to its normal structure should be thin and straight, can make breathing difficult or impossible. If the curvature of the septum is bent or mispositioned to cause nasal congestion, a surgical procedure is performed. Surgeries that correct the curvature of the cartilage and bone tissue in the midline of the nose are called septoplasty.