Many hormonal disorders can cause weight gain. These are the most common:
Thyroid Hormone: Thyroid glands manage metabolism and regulate the energy level of the body. If the thyroid glands are underactive (hypothyroidism), metabolism slows down and weight gain increases.
Insulin: Insulin is a hormone used to control blood sugar levels in the body. Insulin resistance can lead to high blood sugar levels and weight gain.
Leptin: Leptin is a hormone used to control the body’s appetite. Leptin resistance can cause impaired appetite control in the brain and can lead to weight gain.
Cortisol: Cortisol, also known as the stress hormone, regulates inflammation in the body. When cortisol levels are high, fat storage in the body can increase.
Estrogen: Estrogen is a hormone produced in women. When estrogen levels are high, fat storage in the body can increase.
Growth hormone: Growth hormone is a hormone that helps increase muscle mass. A deficiency of this hormone can lead to reduced muscle mass and increased fat storage.
Disorders in the above hormones are factors that can cause weight gain. However, weight gain is not only caused by hormones and can be influenced by many factors. Therefore, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle and exercise regularly to avoid weight gain.
There are many factors that cause the disruption of hormones. Some common causes are:
Nutrition: An unbalanced and unhealthy diet can affect the proper functioning of hormones. Especially processed foods, sugary foods and high-fat foods can disrupt the hormone system.
Stress: High levels of stress can cause cortisol and other hormones to malfunction.
Sleep disorders: Sleep deprivation can disrupt hormone balance. In particular, the hormone melatonin can be disrupted by regular sleep deprivation.
Lack of physical activity: Insufficient physical activity can affect hormones by slowing down metabolism.
Aging: As we age, hormone levels naturally change. For example, the menopause process in women can cause a decrease in estrogen levels.
Genetic Factors: Some hormonal disorders may be due to genetic factors. For example, thyroid disorders can run in families.
Medications: Some medications can affect hormone levels. For example, birth control pills increase estrogen levels.
All of these factors can cause hormones to malfunction and cause hormonal imbalances. If you experience symptoms of hormonal imbalance, it is advisable to see a doctor.