Breast Diseases Specialist Dr. Arzu Ertem Cengiz stated that allergic respiratory diseases are basically divided into two: allergic rhinitis involving the upper respiratory tract and allergic asthma involving the lower respiratory tract. Although they appear to be two separate systems, the airways are essentially a single entity, says Dr. Cengiz stated that allergy asthma and allergic rhinitis should be considered the only respiratory disease.
Dr. Dr. Cengiz stated that allergies can occur at any time in life, but usually manifest in childhood and young adulthood. Noting that the age of onset of allergies varies depending on the type, Dr. Cengiz said: “Allergic diseases affect 25 to 40 percent of the population. About 80 percent of them experience at least one allergic problem in their lifetime. Allergy is an overreaction of the immune system to substances that enter or come into contact with the body. Substances that trigger an allergic reaction are called “allergens.” Allergy sometimes manifests itself with very mild symptoms, but sometimes it causes severe symptoms that can be life-threatening.
Noting that allergy symptoms vary from person to person, Dr. Cengiz said: “The severity of the allergy also affects the symptoms. Symptoms include itching, nasal congestion, frequent sneezing, chronic cough, shortness of breath or wheezing, rash or swelling in the body. Allergy symptoms that develop due to the allergen can affect the airways, sinuses and nasal passages, skin and digestive system.It is usually manifested by symptoms occurring in the nose, lungs, throat, sinuses, ears, stomach or skin.In some people, allergies can also cause asthma symptoms. In the most severe cases, a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis (allergic shock) can occur.
Dr. Cengiz said these symptoms got worse in the spring and symptoms such as frequent sneezing, nasal congestion, tearing and itching in the eyes, coughing, wheezing and even shortness of breath were observed.
Dr. Cengiz defined asthma as “a disease of the respiratory system that develops as a result of narrowing of the airways, usually due to allergens”; He explained that, as with pollen allergy, the antibodies in the body fight against the allergens that enter the airways, and as a result, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath occur, much like a lung infection.
Cengiz said that the diagnosis of allergy is made by listening to the patient’s complaints, examination, various blood tests and allergic skin tests: “Sometimes it is not possible to avoid allergens completely. Pollen, for example, it is constantly in the air, especially during hay fever season.Medications can help with signs of an allergic reaction, but they do not cure the allergy.Medications that may be used, depending on the allergy seen in the individual, may help reduce the immune system response and relieve symptoms “For severe allergies that are not fully relieved by other treatments, allergen immunotherapy may be recommended by the doctor,” said.