Beware of intense pain during menstruation

Gynecological Oncology Specialist Assoc. Dr. İlker Kahramanoğlu said: “Endometriosis is one of the most important and common diseases of reproductive age. The tissue that lines the inside of the uterus is called the endometrium. The condition in which tissue similar to the endometrium is located in the ovaries for certain reasons, in the area between the intestine and the uterus, that is, in any area in the abdomen outside the uterus, is called “endometriosis”. If endometriosis forms cysts in the ovaries, these cysts are called chocolate cysts, namely “endometrioma”. The reason why these are called chocolate cysts is; This is due to the fact that the contents of these cysts have the consistency of hot chocolate and the color of chocolate.”

How does endometriosis manifest itself?

associate Dr. İlker Kahramanoğlu, “Chocolate cyst, i.e. endometriosis, may not develop any symptoms or complaints in some patients. However, depending on the region and tissue where it is located, it can cause some symptoms of varying severity. As endometriosis grows in the abdomen, it can cause inflammation and various complaints. If you ask what these are, premenstrual and menstrual pain in the lower abdomen, pain during intercourse, chronic pelvic pain can be counted. In addition, because endometriosis can develop adhesions and fibrosis in the region, infertility in some women, which is known because ” infertility” among men can cause the situation,” he said.

If your mother, sister or aunt has been diagnosed with this…

While we cannot say for sure why endometriosis develops, there are several accepted theories about it. In addition, molecular studies have shown that several genetic changes influence the onset of this disease. This means that; If your relatives, such as your mother, aunt, sister, have been diagnosed with endometriosis, you are one step closer to having endometriosis than people whose relatives have not been diagnosed with endometriosis.

Does endometriosis prevent getting pregnant?

On average, 7 out of 10 women diagnosed with endometriosis are able to conceive naturally. Apart from that, it is possible to get pregnant spontaneously with the natural method after a well-planned surgery by an experienced surgeon. Still, a small proportion of women with endometriosis may need to undergo infertility treatment. planned and performed after endometriosis surgery. As a result, the success rate is quite high. Some women have an unrealistic belief and know that getting pregnant eliminates and cures this disease, endometriosis. But this is not true. During pregnancy, the symptoms of Temporarily relieve endometriosis, but pregnancy does not cure this disease.At the end of pregnancy, the complaints can start again.

Not a simple cyst surgery

Kahramanoğlu said, “Endometriosis can be treated with analgesics or hormone-containing drugs or surgical procedures. If the patient is a suitable candidate for the surgical procedure, the procedure can be performed by the laparoscopic method. Laparoscopy not only increases the comfort for the patient after the surgery but also allows the surgeon to see even millimetric foci However, what I want to underline here is that this surgery should be performed according to oncological principles There are important reasons for me to mention this During the surgical procedure only eliminates removing the cyst does not cure the disease.For this reason it is necessary to take all the tissues where endometriosis is found.It is very important not to damage the normal ovarian tissue during the removal of the ovarian cyst.It is essential in endometriosis surgery to clean all endometriosis foci in the abdomen and observe ovarian reserves.

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