Bipolar disorder has manic and depressive episodes









Psychiatrist Dr. Erman Şentürk made statements about bipolar disorder and listed his warnings and recommendations for people suffering from bipolar disorder and their families.

Occurs in about 1% of the population

Psychiatry defines bipolar affective disorder as “a psychiatric disorder observed in approximately 1 percent of the population, age of first attack onset coincides with age 20-25, observed in equal proportions in women and men , and at which depressive states are more common in women and manic episodes more common in men,” specialist Dr. Erman Şentürk noted that genetic risk factors are very high in the onset of this condition.

Have manic and depressive episodes

Noting that bipolar affective disorder progresses with manic and depressive episodes, Dr. Erman Şentürk said: “When we look at manic episodes, there is usually mental and physical overactivity. This is accompanied by mood swings and some disorganized behavior. Sleeping much less than usual, reduced need for sleep but being overly energetic, hyperactivity, increased self-confidence, taking actions of which one is not sure of the results, some impulsive behaviors, risky behaviors, driving fast, spending excessively, making unnecessary purchases Products It includes situations such as smoking, risky sexual behavior and increase in sexual desire. made the statement.

Şentürk stated that in depressive periods, situations such as extreme depression, reluctance, being unhappy, not being able to enjoy anything, lack of interest in things that used to be interesting, exhaustion, reduced communication with the environment, feelings of guilt and regret, thoughts of suicide, changes in sleep and appetite are common.

The biggest reason is genetics.

“When we look at the situations that lead to the onset of bipolar affective disorder, we mainly encounter genetic factors.” Şentürk continued his words as follows:

“We know that approximately two-thirds of individuals with bipolar affective disorder have a family history of bipolar affective disorder. At the same time, stressful events, economic problems, family problems, social problems, or a past physical or sexual trauma can also trigger bipolar affective disorder.”

Families should be careful about possible psychotic situations.

Referring to the fact that bipolar affective disorder can create a crisis environment for both the person and the family, especially during manic periods, Şentürk said, “It is very important to observe the mood of the person during manic periods, especially by the family , in the early days and to get professional support. Sometimes some psychotic conditions can accompany their general menstruation. Among the psychotic symptoms; There may be thoughts such as being followed, that he may be harmed by the environment, that he is getting a message from the environment and that he will be dealt with.” warned.

It is recommended that they continue with their normal daily routines

Emphasizing that positive social relationships, strengthening the connections with the environment, allocating enough time to hobbies and activities have an important place in the stabilization of the person’s mood, Psychiatry Specialist Dr. Erman Şentürk said: “We attach great importance to the amount of sleep and sleep patterns of patients with bipolar disorder. We strongly recommend that family members monitor their sleep patterns, sleep hours, and amount of sleep. Again, we recommend that these people continue their daily lives with regular diet, regular exercise and activity, as normal individuals go about their daily lives.” he said.

In addition to medicines, psychotherapy is also important.

Şentürk noted that drug therapy occupies an important place in the treatment of bipolar effective disorder and said, “The resources we use most in drug treatment are; Emotions are mood stabilizing agents. Emotion and mood stabilizing agents are used not only during the person’s seizure periods, but also during the normal periods between seizures. Mood stabilizers alone may not be enough for manic episodes. In addition, we can add medicines from the group of antipsychotics or benzodiazepines. In depressive episodes, we sometimes benefit from antidepressants in addition to mood stabilizers.” said.

Şentürk said that drug treatment alone is not enough in some cases, and added that they also strongly recommend the person to follow psychotherapy to adapt the person to daily life, especially to improve the relationship with the family, harmony and the relationship with the environment.

A person’s creativity can increase during the manic period.

Noting that bipolar affective disorder is also observed in some artists both historically and today, psychiatrist Dr. Erman Şentürk concluded his words as follows:

“A person’s creativity can increase significantly, especially during manic episodes of bipolar affective disorder. We can usually attribute this to the increase and acceleration of one’s creative thoughts and ideas. At the same time, we know that the mood was then more intense, cheerful, social, active and much more energetic than usual. If we look at the historical process, there are very important names with bipolar disorder such as Vince Van Gogh, Salvador Dali, Francisco José de Goya Lucientes. Today we know that some people like Jim Carrey and Catherine Zeta Jones also suffer from bipolar affective disorder.”


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