Bolshevik Revolution in Russia | Consequences and impact on the world

The “Bolshevik Revolution in Russia” occupies an important place internationally and has taken its place in world history. The revolution led to the spread of communism, unleashing the revolutions and making the ideological struggle clear.

What is the Russian Bolshevik Revolution?

After the regime change in Russia in 1917, Marxism came to power in Russia. This change is called the Bolshevik Revolution.

The French Revolution created a great liberal movement and spread all over the world. In Russia in 1825 there was a failed uprising under the influence of the liberal movement. This uprising is the Dekabrist uprising, and although it was suppressed in a short time, it could not stop the development of intellectual movements in Russia.

Ideas in Russia

Russian Bolshevik Revolution

The reason for the development of intellectual movements in Russia is the reaction against the autocratic and despotic political order. Russian intellectuals felt it necessary to work with the political regime to improve the social order. The reason they felt this way was mainly the situation of the farmer.

The revolution of the workers (proletarians) was the basis of Marxism that emerged in Europe in the mid-19th century. The working class could only be concentrated in countries where industry was developed. From this point of view, the workers’ revolution was expected to take place in England, but Russia, being a backward agricultural country, took everyone by surprise and realized the workers’ revolution.

The peasant issue

Since the majority of the population in Russia are peasants, the spread of Marxism has accelerated. The Russian peasant’s main problem was that although four-fifths of the population were engaged in agriculture, they did not own the land they worked. The population owned only a quarter of the land. We can explain it this way: 20 percent of the population owns 75 percent of the land; 80 percent of the population owns 25 percent of the land. The reason for this order was the feudal structure and therefore only 10 percent of the peasant population was wealthy.

The peasant was also a serf or slave in the land of the nobles. The development that corrected this situation was the liberation law, which was published in 1861, but was not very successful in practice because the peasants got the right to use, not the ownership of this land, as land was poorly distributed. The farmer, who received bad land, was unable to pay his money and service debt and again fell into a prisoner situation. The 4 million peasants who emigrated to the cities formed the basis of the Russian proletariat and the Russian Revolution.

Labor issue

This failure of the popular movement and the beginning of industrialization propelled the Marxist movement to success. Working conditions in the workplaces were poor and wages were insufficient. Because of these negativities, strikes were seen. This accelerated union formation. Lenin founded the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class in 1895. The Russian Social Democratic Party, the beginning of today’s Communist Party of the Soviet Union, was founded in 1898 by Russian Marxists.

In 1917, the public began to demonstrate and the striking workers supported the demonstrators. Bolsheviks and Mensheviks, all Marxists united in the street, and soon this turned into a revolution. The temporary liberal state that was established decided that the Tsar should abdicate. The anger that began in the morning rows in the ovens on March 8, 1917, had overthrown the Tsar in eight days.

Consequences of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia

Russian Bolshevik Revolution

The “Bolshevik Revolution in Russia” is an event that took place in 1917 and meant that the imperial administration of that time in Russia was overthrown and the communist party established its power. The revolution occupies an important place in the history of Russia and the world and has had many consequences.

  • After the revolution, Russia switched from capitalism to socialism.
  • The Bolsheviks aimed to rule the land and industry in the country, protect the rights of the working class and ensure equality.
  • Addressing issues such as how the practice actually works, human rights violations, powerlessness and martial law.
  • The revolution was also influenced by other countries.
  • The idea of ​​communism began to be adopted by other countries and communist parties were established.
  • Many countries followed the developments of Russia after the revolution, and some tried to make similar revolutions.
  • After the revolution, Russia established the Soviet regime, the longest-running communist dictatorship in world history.
  • The Soviet Union existed for centuries and had global influence.

International Effects of the Bolshevik Revolution

Russian Bolshevik Revolution

The “Bolshevik Revolution in Russia” occupies an important place in world history and has had many international repercussions. First, the revolution caused the spread of communism around the world and was adopted by other countries. As a result, communist parties were established in many countries. countries and this idea continued to spread around the world.

The revolution became the trigger of many revolutions and revolutions around the world. The developments after the revolution encouraged other countries to make similar revolutions.

It marks an important point in world history and reflects the ideological struggle between capitalism and socialism. Although the revolution is often criticized by the capitalist world, it is praised by the communist world.

When did the Russian Bolshevik Revolution take place?

The “Russian Bolshevik Revolution” took place in October 1917.

Who was the Russian Bolshevik Revolution?

The Russian Bolshevik Revolution was led by the leader of the Bolshevik Party, Vladimir Lenin.

Why did the Russian Bolshevik Revolution take place?

It was created as a result of the social, economic and political crisis in which the Russian Empire found itself. The Bolsheviks sought a revolution against the bourgeois regime and imperial order.

What are the consequences of the Russian Bolshevik Revolution?

After the Russian Bolshevik Revolution, the Russian Empire was replaced by the Soviet Russian state and the world’s first communist state was formed. At the same time, due to the social and economic policies of the Bolsheviks, many people died and were exiled to Russia.

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