The common cold is a common viral infection that affects the respiratory tract. This infection, caused by viruses called rhinovirus, manifests with symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat. The common cold, also known as the common cold, is more common in the winter and is usually mild.
The common cold usually clears up on its own within 7 to 10 days, and simple home remedies can ease the symptoms. In this article, you can learn more about the common cold and learn effective methods to manage the symptoms.
Things you should know about the flu
Influenza is one of the upper respiratory tract diseases. It is usually seen in the cold winter months and the spring season. The nose is the organ through which air can enter the body. The nasal structure is arched and hairy. These hairs and folds provide protection against microbes that enter the nose through the air. A cold is a common cold and is contagious. Viruses that enter the nose through the respiratory tract cause illness by settling in the nose and trachea.
These viruses settle on the mucous membrane of the nose. Incubation takes place for 3 days in the region. This situation, in other words, the placement of viruses in the mucous membrane causes the nasal congestion. The body reacts to expel the viruses. These reactions are manifested by sneezing and runny nose. It’s a mild disease. No immediate intervention is needed, but treatment should still be applied. Flu is a disease that can occur at any age.
What Are the Symptoms of a Cold?
- difficulty breathing
- tearing eyes
- To sneeze
- stuffy nose
- running nose
- burning in the throat
- change of voice
- slight fever
In general, the common cold manifests itself in many ways. Nasal congestion is seen first. There is a runny nose and itching around the nose. Redness and tearing around the eyes are common. Sneezing is common. In addition to these symptoms, there is a burning sensation in the throat. There are changes in the voice i.e. noise reduction and deepening of the voice. It is one of the symptoms seen with a cough along with a burning sensation in the throat. Fever is also seen, but the fever is felt to be mild.
Why do we get cold?
The common cold is a common respiratory infection, also known as the common cold. It is possible to say that almost everyone has a cold at some point in their life. So why do we catch cold?
The main cause of the common cold is infection by viruses called rhinoviruses. However, other viruses can also cause colds. Viruses cause infection by attacking the tissues of the nose, throat and upper respiratory tract.
The common cold is passed from one person to another, usually by airborne droplets. When an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks, microdroplets containing the virus can float in the air and be inhaled by another person. You can also contract the virus by touching infected surfaces and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
When a person is exposed to the flu virus, the immune system begins to fight the virus. However, some symptoms appear before the immune system completely eliminates the virus. These may include nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough, mild fever, headache and weakness. These symptoms are an indication that the body is fighting the infection.
Many factors can increase your risk of catching a cold. For example, colds are more common in winter because people spend more time indoors and viruses spread more easily. In addition, factors such as a weak immune system, stress, lack of sleep, smoking and large crowds can increase the risk of getting the flu.
Influenza is not a serious illness, but a doctor should still be consulted. The treatment is easy and quick to apply. Medication is used according to the treatment that the doctor will administer. Medicines are given for colds. Generally, nasal sprays are used for nasal congestion. If the fever is high, antipyretics are given. If there is pain, painkillers are used. In addition to drug treatment, a lot of fluid consumption is required. In general, water consumption should be done. At the same time, foods rich in vitamin C should be consumed. Vitamin supplements should be given if necessary. In addition, rest is important. People need to rest while lying down. Consuming herbal tea other than drug treatment helps to eliminate cold.
- Sufficient sleep and rest
- Steam applications to clear a stuffy nose
- Taking medications for pain relief and fever
- Do not use cough-relieving mixtures for dry cough
- drink enough fluids
- Get relief from water or lemon juice for a sore throat
- Using moisturizer around the nose and soft tissues (may help prevent irritated, dry and red skin around the nose) (4)
- Antibiotics should not be used to treat colds and colds.
How many days does a cold last?
The common cold is a common respiratory infection and comes with the uncomfortable symptoms that many people experience. Many people with a cold wonder how long their cold will last. However, the duration of a cold can vary from person to person.
Usually, flu symptoms appear within 1 to 3 days of the onset of infection. During this period, symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough, mild fever, headache and weakness can be observed. Symptoms are usually most intense in the first few days.
A cold usually clears up on its own within 7 to 10 days. However, in some people, symptoms may last longer. Cold symptoms can last longer, especially in people with weakened immune systems or those with underlying health conditions. Factors such as smoking, stress, insufficient sleep and unhealthy diet can also influence the healing process and cause complaints to last longer.
There are home remedies to relieve cold symptoms, such as resting, drinking plenty of fluids, keeping hydrated, gargling with salt water, inhaling steam, and using nasal sprays or drops to relieve nasal congestion. However, if your symptoms persist for a long time or become severe, it is important to see a doctor.
How’s a cold?
The common cold is a common respiratory infection, also known as the common cold. People with a cold may experience symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough, low-grade fever, headache, and weakness. So, how’s the cold?
The common cold is usually a self-healing infection and in most cases does not require any specific treatment. However, some methods can relieve symptoms and speed up the healing process:
Emphasize rest to help your body fight infection. Getting enough sleep and conserving your energy can speed up the healing process.
2. Drink plenty of fluids
Fluids provide hydration to the body and thin out a runny nose, making it easier to breathe. Be sure to consume liquids such as water, herbal teas, freshly squeezed fruit juices or vegetable juices.
3. Gargle with salt water
You can gargle with salt water to relieve a sore throat and get rid of germs. Add half a teaspoon of salt to a glass of warm water and gargle with this mixture.
4. Inhale steam
Steam inhalation can help relieve nasal congestion. Lean over a bowl of hot water and slowly inhale the steam. This can help open the nasal passages and help you relax.
5. Stay in a humid environment
A moist environment can reduce a dry nose and throat. To achieve this, you can use a humidifier or moisten the air in your room with a steamer.
6. Use nasal spray or drops
You can use saline-based nasal sprays or drops to relieve nasal congestion. These products open the nasal passages, making it easier to breathe.
What is Cold?
The common cold is a common respiratory infection that usually presents with symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, cough, mild fever, headache and weakness.
How is it transferred?
Influenza is transmitted by breathing in airborne viruses when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks, or by touching the mouth, nose, or eyes after touching infected surfaces.
What is the difference between cold and flu?
Colds and flu are caused by different viruses, although they are respiratory infections. While the flu can often lead to more severe symptoms and serious complications, the common cold usually shows milder symptoms.
Is there a cure for the common cold?
There is no specific treatment for the common cold. It is generally recommended to rest at home, drink plenty of fluids, stay in a humid environment, and use anti-inflammatory methods to relieve symptoms and the body to fight infection.
What can I do to prevent the flu?
To prevent colds, wash your hands regularly, stay away from infected people, cover your mouth and nose with your elbow when you cough or sneeze, maintain hygiene, and have healthy habits that strengthen your immune system.
How long does it take?
A cold usually clears up on its own within 7 to 10 days. However, the duration and severity of symptoms can vary from person to person. Symptoms may last longer in people with weakened immune systems or underlying health conditions.
Q: Can I take antibiotics for a cold?
No, the common cold is a viral infection and antibiotics only treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not relieve cold symptoms or work against viruses.
How is it transferred?
The common cold can be passed from person to person due to the scattering of nasal and throat secretions by droplets. When sneezing or coughing, be careful not to scatter your drops around. Raising your hand to your mouth, not leaving your dirty napkins lying around, and not touching as much as possible will prevent the cold from spreading.
Why do you often have a cold?
Someone with a persistent cold may have a weakened immune system. By taking vitamin D, you can speed up the healing process and eliminate the problem of frequent colds. Vitamin D deficiency causes you to get diseases such as colds and asthma. Anyone who regularly has a cold should definitely see a doctor.