Making a statement about the factors that cause cancer, oncology specialist Assoc. Dr. Sadık Muallaoğlu said: “Overweight, inactivity, smoking and alcohol consumption and overweight increase the risk of cancer by causing damage to the genetic structure of the cell. Environmental factors that can cause cancer, exposure to excessive solar radiation or artificial ultraviolet radiation, air pollution, radon gas in indoor environments, high levels of arsenic in drinking water, exposure to asbestos fibers.
“OBESITY INCREASE RISK OF 13 TYPES OF CANCER”
Emphasizing the importance of an active lifestyle, Assoc. Dr Muallaoğlu said: “Reduced physical activity is associated with an increased risk of cancer. A sedentary lifestyle is estimated to be associated with 5 percent of cancer deaths. The optimal duration, intensity and frequency of physical activity that can provide protection against cancer, however, is unknown. More exercise, many different It is associated with a reduced risk of one type of cancer. However, the most interesting data are associated with a reduced risk of colon and breast cancer. Obesity appears to increase the risk of 13 types of cancer increase cancer.A study on the contribution of bariatric surgery showed a 60 percent reduction in cancer-related deaths over the past 7 years of follow-up.Again, a 33 percent reduction in overall cancer risk was observed with bariatric surgery. 55 percent reductions have been achieved in weight-related cancers such as colon cancer, postmenopausal breast cancer, endometrial cancer and pancreatic cancer.”
LIFESTYLE’S RELATIONSHIP WITH CANCER
Talking about the factors that cause cancer, Assoc. Dr Muallaoğlu said: “Lifestyle factors have been linked to several cancers, including cancers that are prevalent worldwide such as lung, colon, prostate and breast cancer. While many risk factors for cancer have been identified, tobacco use, obesity, malnutrition and tobacco use account for the majority of cancer deaths in the world. physical inactivity is to blame. The Global Burden of Disease Study says that worldwide 50.6 percent of cancer deaths in men and 36.3 percent in women may be to blame to behavioral, environmental, and occupational or metabolic risk factors “While drinking is the most important risk factor for all adults, other important risk factors include infections, alcohol consumption, high body mass index, and unprotected sex.”
“TOBACCO USE GIVES 13 YEARS OF OUR LIVES”
Noting that tobacco use significantly increases cancer deaths, Assoc. Dr. Muallaoğlu shared the following information:
“Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of cancer and is responsible for 21 percent of total cancer deaths worldwide and 30 percent of all cancer deaths in the United States. About half of smokers die from a tobacco-related disease, and adult smokers are linked to tobacco use. They die an average of 13 years ago. Smoking is the strongest risk factor for lung cancer. It increases the risk 10 to 20 times. Smoking also causes leukemia, as well as oral cavity, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, larynx, esophagus, It has also been shown to be a causative factor in cancers of the pancreas, liver, stomach, cervix, kidney, colon, and bladder.This includes cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco, hookahs.Smoking helps reduce the risk of most from tobacco related diseases and all causes.” It leads to a decrease in deaths due to death. It also reduces the risk of developing secondary cancer in patients with both a reduced risk of cancer and smoking-related cancer.”
“SUN RAYS CAN CAUSE SKIN CANCER”
Assoc. states that radiation from the sun is the primary cause of both melanomatous and non-melanoma skin cancers. Dr Muallaoğlu said: “Ultraviolet radiation causes genetic mutations and limits the body’s ability to reject abnormal cells by interfering with the skin’s immune system. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation before tanning is considered carcinogenic in humans and a A 75 percent increase in the risk of melanoma has been noted in patients using tanning beds before the age of 35.” stated the statement.
Assoc. states that the incidence of cancer is increasing especially in developing countries. Dr Muallaoğlu said: “Cancer is a deadly disease despite all medical advances. In cancer, both screening and prevention strategies can reduce the mortality rate of many cancers. With the abnormalities detected in screening, the cancer is detected before it becomes clinically apparent, that is, in the early period, and intervention is possible in the early period when treatment is most effective.”Prevention strategies target changing environmental and lifestyle risk factors that promote cancer.”