Saying that about one in three adults has high blood pressure, says Dr. Büşra Karahan said in her statement in the 5th issue of the “Public Health Bulletin” prepared by the Erzurum Provincial Health Directorate that although the cause could not be found in most patients with high blood pressure, renal/adrenal disorders, a family history of high blood pressure, being 40 years and older, being overweight, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes (diabetes), excessive salt consumption and sedentary living are among the conditions known to cause high blood pressure.
High blood pressure disease is insidious, usually showing no symptoms at first. The most common symptoms are headache, dizziness, nosebleeds, ringing in the ears, palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, vision problems, frequent urination, edema in the body, weakness and fatigue. Diagnosis may be delayed because the symptoms are not unique to high blood pressure. However, high blood pressure disease, which has existed for a long time and is not treated, damages many organs.” He said, “It is important to measure blood pressure.” He continued, “There can be heart attack, heart failure, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, kidney failure, worsening of kidney function, visual impairment, blindness, memory impairment, difficulty understanding and obstruction in the neck and leg vessels. High blood pressure can affect these organs and cause permanent damage over a long period of time. it can lead to disability and death. Most people don’t know they have high blood pressure. The only way to find out is blood pressure measurement. Diagnosis is made by regular blood pressure measurements under the right conditions. For the correct blood pressure reading, measurements are taken on both arms after a minimum of five minutes of rest, then measurement is continued on the arm with high blood pressure. In addition, cigarettes, coffee, etc. should not be consumed one hour before the measurement. “
Lifestyle and drug treatment Dr. Büşra Karahan, “The important lifestyle changes that can be made in case of high blood pressure are: Reduction of salt (recommended daily salt intake is 5 grams, that is, build up to 1 teaspoon.) Healthy eating (increased consumption of fruits and vegetables, reduction of saturated and total fat consumption; organ meats, dry low consumption of foods with high salt content such as fruits, canned foods, pickles, olives) Regular exercise Maintaining healthy weight and losing weight if overweight Quitting harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol Stress management Lifestyle changes to control blood pressure in some cases are not sufficient. In these cases, lifestyle changes and concomitant medications are required to lower blood pressure. High blood pressure medicines given by the doctor should be used regularly and every day and the medicines should never be discontinued without the doctor’s recommendation. In light of all this information, you should definitely contact your primary care physician to evaluate your high blood pressure risks and have blood pressure measured,” he said.