Saying that about one in three adults has high blood pressure, says Dr. Büşra Karahan said in her statement in the 5th issue of the “Public Health Bulletin” prepared by the Erzurum Provincial Health Directorate that although the cause could not be found in most patients with high blood pressure, renal/adrenal disorders, a family history of high blood pressure, being 40 years and older, being overweight, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, diabetes (diabetes), excessive salt consumption and sedentary living are among the conditions known to cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure disease is insidious, usually showing no symptoms at first. The most common symptoms are headache, dizziness, nosebleeds, ringing in the ears, palpitations, shortness of breath, chest pain, vision problems, frequent urination, edema in the body, weakness and fatigue. Diagnosis may be delayed because the symptoms are not unique to high blood pressure. However, a high blood pressure disease, which has been around for a long time and is not treated, damages many organs.
“It is important to measure blood pressure”
Dr. Büşra Karahan continued as follows: “There may be heart attack, heart failure, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke, kidney failure, decreased kidney function, visual impairment, blindness, memory impairment, difficulty understanding and obstruction in the neck and leg vessels. High blood pressure can affect these organs and cause permanent disability and death, sudden or long term. Most people don’t know they have high blood pressure. The only way to find out is to measure your blood pressure. Diagnosis is made by regular blood pressure measurements under the right conditions. For the correct blood pressure value, measurements are taken in both arms after a minimum of five minutes of rest and then the measurement is continued in the arm with high blood pressure. In addition, cigarettes, coffee, etc. an hour before the measurement. must not be consumed.”
Lifestyle and medication
Dr. Dr. Büşra Karahan, “The important lifestyle changes that can be made for high blood pressure are:
Reduce salt (recommended daily salt intake is 5 grams, i.e. heap 1 tsp.) Healthy eating (consuming more fruits and vegetables, reducing saturated and total fat consumption; organ meats, dried fruits, canned foods, pickles, olives, etc.) consuming less ) Regular exercise Maintaining a healthy weight and losing weight if overweight Quitting harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol Providing stress management In some cases, lifestyle changes are not enough to lower blood pressure. In these cases, lifestyle changes and concomitant medications are required to lower blood pressure. High blood pressure medicines given by the doctor should be used regularly and every day and the medicines should never be discontinued without the doctor’s recommendation. In light of all this information, you should definitely contact your primary care physician to evaluate your high blood pressure risks and have blood pressure measured,” he said.