Saying that cancer is the leading health problem in terms of mortality (death from disease) and morbidity (disease) in almost every country in the world, General Surgery and Surgical Oncology Specialist Op. Dr. Murat Can Mollaoğlu made statements about some types of cancer and treatment methods for National Cancer Week April 1-7.
EARLY DIAGNOSIS SAVES LIVES
Arguing that the main purpose of cancer screening is not to diagnose, Op. Dr. Mollaoğlu said: “Cancer screening is the examination and examination of asymptomatic (who do not show symptoms related to the disease) people to get the diseases under control. There is a focus on the treatment of cancer patients, but it would be more rational to raise awareness of patients who can be diagnosed in the curable stage. In fact, the question of how to diagnose, rather than how to treat, should form the basis of treatment for cancer patients. Cancer screening is very important in people who appear healthy and do not yet show clinical signs, to be confirmed by further methods and to detect any positive finding at an early stage. For this reason, cancer screening is vital for early diagnosis and treatment.
IT IS IMPORTANT TO INFORM WOMEN ABOUT BREAST CANCER
Noting that breast cancer remains one of the most common cancers in women, Op. Dr Mollaoğlu said: “The main way to reduce breast cancer mortality is through early diagnosis and treatment. By educating and educating women about this problem and by applying screening programs, early diagnosis can be made.
Kiss. Dr. Mollaoğlu underlined that it is vital for every woman over the age of 20 to perform regular breast examinations herself and with a doctor, to have the first mammogram at the age of 40 and to have regular follow-up mammograms between the ages of 50 and 50 . 69.
BREAST AND COLON CANCER IS IN THE FIRST RANK
Noting that early cancer screening programs are critical to better prognosis and long-term survival, Op. Dr. Mollaoğlu shared the following information:
“Early diagnosis and treatment of cancer is often life-saving. The purpose of screening is not to make a diagnosis, but to detect any positive finding at an early stage in apparently healthy individuals, to be confirmed by further methods when no clinical signs are yet seen. Breast and colorectal cancer is one of the leading screening programs that we can detect at an early stage and prolong life by doing the right treatment at the right time. About 2-4% of deaths in Western societies are due to colon cancer. Individuals between the ages of 50 and 69 should have a stool test for occult blood (FOC) annually and a colonoscopy every 10 years.
HIPEC AND CRS TREATMENTS BRING HOPE
Emphasizing that people should be better informed about early screening for cancer diagnosis and encouraged to do early screening, Op. Dr Mollaoğlu said: “Sometimes it is possible to encounter patients with advanced peritoneum (peritoneal membrane) involvement that is not diagnosed early. Monitoring these patients is difficult but not impossible. Recent studies suggest CRS (Cytoreductive Surgery) and HIPEC (HIPEC-Hyperthermal Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy) procedures for these patients, in which all tissues in the abdomen are cleaned and warm chemotherapy is administered in the abdomen. In addition, CRS-HIPEC has been widely accepted as an effective method in patients with peritoneal involvement from various cancers. With CRS and HIPEC, positive results are achieved in the treatment of colon cancer, cecum cancer, adrenal cancer, ovarian cancer, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, mesothelioma (primary peritoneal cancer), gastric cancer. These treatment methods are technically challenging surgeries that require proper patient selection, performed by an experienced surgical team, and require serious skill. He concluded his words by saying, “It can be done safely with physicians trained and competent to perform the surgical technique, within the framework of oncological principles.”