Declaring that March 12 is World Glaucoma Day and that March 12-18 is celebrated each year as “World Glaucoma Week” to draw attention to glaucoma disease, Eskişehir Provincial Health Director Prof. Dr. Uğur Bilge, “Glaucoma, popularly known as ‘eye pressure’; It is an eye disease that causes progressive damage to the optic nerve. Since the optic nerve is vital in transmitting the information received by the eye to the brain, glaucoma can cause gradual and irreversible vision loss and blindness if left untreated.
“Early diagnosis is very important”
Claiming that in glaucoma, the intraocular fluid causes an obstruction in the outflow tract, and as a result, the increased intraocular fluid causes an increase in intraocular pressure. Dr Uğur Bilge said: “Elevated intraocular pressure also damages the optic nerve and causes irreversible damage to the nerve. It is an insidious disease that increases in frequency over the age of 40. Early diagnosis is very important because there is no recurrence after vision has gone. High intraocular pressure, detected entirely coincidentally by a routine eye exam performed by an ophthalmologist for another reason (such as changing the number of glasses), may be the first symptom of eye pressure.
Bilge said that the disease initially causes no complaints and gradually evolves over the years, Bilge said: “When the complaints started, permanent damage was seen in the field of vision. In the ‘acute glaucoma crisis’ type, the eye pressure suddenly rises and symptoms such as redness, pain, blurred vision, colored rings around lights, nausea and vomiting may be observed.
“The only precaution that can be taken is to have eye pressure measured regularly”
Emphasizing that early diagnosis is one of the most important factors in the treatment of eye pressure, Bilge said: “The only measure that can be taken is to have eye pressure measured at regular intervals. The aim of treatment is to improve the eyesight of the patient for life. Treatment cannot restore the old vision, it only prevents further loss of vision. Glaucoma treatment is carried out in 3 different ways: medication, laser treatment and surgical treatment. Which treatment is used depends on the patient’s condition Early or late diagnosis, age of the patient, proper use of his medications and response to treatment are important factors in the choice of treatment method.