Expressing eye allergy is an allergic inflammation of the conjunctival tissue of the eye, Eye Health and Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. Tezer Nur Güçlükoğlu warned about eye allergy, which is common in spring and summer.
POLES AND PET HAIR CAN ARISE
Talking about how eye allergy occurs, Op. dr. “It is usually caused by pollen and pet hair. In addition, house dust, detergents with a high chemical content, the use of perfumes and contact lenses are some of the reasons. Pollen, sunlight, seasonal changes cause allergic reactions. It is called spring fever because it often occurs in the spring and summer months.
TYPES OF EYE ALLERGY
Kiss. Dr. Güçlükoğlu listed the types of eye allergies as follows:
“Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis: usually from pollen.
Contact conjunctivitis: chemicals and cosmetics are the cause.
Giant papillary conjunctivitis: It mainly occurs due to misuse of contact lenses.
Perineal conjunctivitis: it is due to dust and mites in the domestic environment.”
RED EYES AND LIPS MAY BE VISIBLE
Talking about the symptoms of eye allergy, Op. Dr. “Redness of the eye, redness of the inner surface of the eyelids, tearing, itching, stinging sensation, blurred vision, swelling of the eyelids, runny nose and sneezing can be seen,” Güçlükoğlu said.
CAN BE DIAGNOSED BY ROUTINE EXAMINATION
Noting that when diagnosing eye allergy, the person’s background and complaints are first learned, Op. Dr Güçlükoğlu said: “A routine eye examination is done and the degree of vision is checked. Then the eyelids and the front part of the eye are examined biomicroscopically. The fundus examination examines the posterior polar structures of the retina, the yellow spot, and the head of the optic nerve. If necessary, skin allergy tests are requested in cases that do not respond to treatment.
USING SUNGLASSES HELPS PROTECTION
Explaining the Ways to Prevent Eye Allergy, Op. Dr. Gucukoglu shared the following information:
“It is important to wear sunglasses in the summer, to avoid prolonged exposure to the environments that cause this, especially for people who are allergic, and to apply whatever treatment the ophthalmologist deems appropriate. People who have been diagnosed with spring fever should be examined by an ophthalmologist at the start of the season and the medicines they will be taking will protect them from being uncomfortable. It is protective for contact lens wearers to pay attention to hygiene and usage rules and to avoid contact with chemicals.
MUST BE TREATED
Explaining what health problems can lead to if allergic conjunctivitis is left untreated, Op. Dr Güçlükoğlu said: “Allergic conjunctivitis is not dangerous, but if not properly detected and treated, it can cause dangerous conditions such as corneal ulcers and vision loss. Therefore, a person should not take any medication and should not allow any intervention in his eye without consulting an ophthalmologist.
THE TREATMENT MUST BE STARTED UNDER THE CONTROL OF A SPECIALIST
Transfer of the treatment methods, Op. Dr Güçlükoğlu said: “Eye drops and eye pomades are used under the supervision of an ophthalmologist to reduce the symptoms caused by histamine secretion. If necessary, anti-allergic systemic drugs can also be used. It is also important to eliminate or eliminate the causes of an allergic eye infection. To soothe the eyes, it is recommended to compress with cold water, avoiding rubbing the eyes. Contact lens wearers may need to wear glasses for a while and not wear contact lenses. In addition, the use of sunglasses and wearing a hat are also part of the treatment to protect you from the sun in the spring cold.”