Expert suggestions for Eid-al-Adha

Claiming that increasing consumption of meat and fatty foods during the holiday season disrupts healthy diets and compromises cardiovascular health, Cardiovascular Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Gökçe Şirin said that the increase in blood cholesterol levels due to the consumption of fatty meats can cause serious discomfort in patients with atherosclerosis.

Emphasizing that people with chronic diseases such as heart, blood pressure and diabetes should always follow their routine diet, Prof. Dr. Gökçe Şirin said, “It is best not to step out of the routine diet as much as possible during periods like Eid al-Adha and treats, even if food such as meat and sweets are consumed. Too much meat and offal, especially if they contain fat, can raise blood cholesterol levels. This situation may increase in patients with atherosclerosis, especially due to the consumption of unsaturated fat.

Irregular feeding is life-threatening

Stating that unhealthy diet brings many health problems such as obesity, diabetes, blood pressure, stroke and cardiovascular disease, Prof. Dr. Gökçe Şirin stated that the consumption of meat and offal, as well as sweets, candies, chocolate and pastries , increased during the Feast of Sacrifice. Prof. Dr. Şirin said: “Animal proteins, in particular, should be consumed in a controlled manner due to their high content of saturated fat and cholesterol. Irregular diet is harmful to anyone, and it is risky enough to be life threatening in people with weight problems, blood pressure disorders, a family history of cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disease. For this reason, we advise those who suffer from this type of chronic disease to cook, boil or grill the meat without fat or low fat, in small portions and without adding extra fat, or if it is to be barbecued . , it should be cooked in moderation. In addition, we strongly emphasize that vegetables should be eaten alongside meat and that roasting or deep-frying should be avoided.”

Cardiovascular patients should control meat consumption

To draw attention to the issue of offal consumption, Prof. Dr. Gökçe Şirin has stated that people with high blood cholesterol and related cardiovascular diseases should also pay attention to the consumption of offal and said: “ Intensive consumption of offal, meat and sweets can lead to the development of sudden cardiac manifestations. Sudden rises in blood sugar levels can also tire the heart. Salt consumption, which may increase with meat, may also pose a risk for blood pressure patients. For this reason it is necessary to be extra sensitive to salt consumption. Because people with coronary heart disease are at risk of being exposed to situations such as a heart attack due to a sudden increase in blood pressure.

Emphasizing the need to limit the consumption of offal, especially in patients with cardiovascular occlusion, gout and fatty liver disease, Prof. Dr. Gökçe Şirin also stated that the consumption of sorbet, sweets, floury foods and other sweet varieties can be a precursor of negative scenarios by increasing the excessive blood flow in the digestive system, especially by stressing the vascular occlusion of the heart, diabetic patients. and patients with high blood pressure should control the consumption of fatty foods and viscous sweets and consume them to taste. They should not raise blood sugar and cholesterol by consuming these foods in excess.

“Tick control must be done on animals”

Noting that the tick, which causes Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, is found in rural areas, forests and green areas, as well as livestock and small livestock, Assoc. Dr Nafiz Koçak said: “All activities involving mandatory handling and/or contact with the blood and tissue of sacrificed animals during the upcoming Eid-al-Adha should be considered as potential risks of virus transmission between infected animals and humans. Tick ​​control must be carried out on animals and, if necessary, disinfected. “The animals should be treated with acaricides, if necessary, to prevent tick infestation for 14 days before they are distributed to the sales centers,” he said.

Drawing attention to the hemorrhagic fever in Crimea, Assoc. Dr Nafiz Koçak said: “Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a viral tick-borne disease that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks or through direct contact with blood or tissues of infected humans and farm animals. As of 2015, CCHF is recognized as one of the infectious diseases most likely to cause major epidemics; It is currently listed by the World Health Organization as a priority disease with pandemic potential.” He continued his words as follows: “In CCHF, people are usually infected by tick bites or by transporting and slaughtering infected farm animals. The modes of transmission are tick bite, contact with blood and blood cell products, horizontal transmission from mother to baby and contact with contaminated meat. CCHF can infect a wide range of animal species, but only humans develop serious disease. Farm animals with no apparent disease to human exposure are most at risk. It can also be transmitted through direct contact with animal blood or tissues. People who engage in outdoor activities and people who have close contact with farm animals belong to the risk group. The risk increases during religious holidays, such as Eid al-Adha, when potentially CCHF-infected animals are transported from rural areas to urban areas for slaughter by potentially untrained individuals.”

What are the symptoms?

Stressing that the main symptoms are sudden and high fever (39-41 C), headache, myalgia, dizziness, neck pain and stiffness, back pain, eye pain and extreme sensitivity to light (photophobia), Assoc. Dr Koçak said: “Sore throat, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may be associated. Redness of the face, neck and chest, congestive sclera and conjunctivitis and jaundice may develop. In severe cases there may be changes in mood and sensory perception Liver enlargement (hepatomegaly) and spleen enlargement (splenomegaly) may occur Petechiae, enlarged ecchymoses on mucous membranes and skin, epistaxis, melena, haematemesis, haematuria and hemoptysis, bleeding at injection sites may occur Occasional bleeding may occur from other areas, such as the vagina, uterus and brain Uncontrolled bleeding, liver damage, inflammatory immune responses and in severe cases disseminated intravascular coagulation, shock and, according to research, have been found to be fatal at a rate of nearly 50 percent.

What can be done to prevent CCHF?

Emphasizing that when visiting areas at risk of ticks, such as fields, vineyards, gardens, forests and picnic areas, it is necessary to wear clothing that covers the body as much as possible, Assoc. Dr Nafiz Koçak said: “Pants should be tucked into socks and light colored clothing is preferred so that ticks can be seen comfortably on the clothing.”

What should people pay attention to when removing the tick?

Assoc states that when a tick is seen on the body, it should be removed immediately. Dr. Nafiz Koçak: “But we should certainly not come into contact with ticks with bare hands. It is important that we remove the tick quickly without harming body integrity. Things like touching the tick with hands, burning the tick, pressing a cigarette, pouring cologne, pouring over or spilling some oil content are certainly harmful. These are not recommended because they carry the risk of transmitting certain microbial agents such as Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Lyme disease, or other bacterial pathogens that the tick may be carrying by irritating the tick. To remove a tick safely, all you really need is pointed tweezers and a good eye. Pointed tweezers are not the typical household tweezers you use to pluck your eyebrows. Ticks can be as small as poppy seeds. If you use regular tweezers, you can tear them. Clean the area around the tick bite. Hold the tweezers as close to the tick’s head as possible above the skin. Pull up slowly and firmly. Do not shake or bend; apply even, constant pressure. Clean the bite site and your hands again with alcohol or soap and water. Don’t worry if some of the tick remains on the skin. It will work itself out eventually. If you are concerned about removing it yourself, you should definitely turn to the nearest health facility.

Medicana Çamlıca Hospital specialist internal diseases, Uzm. Canan Kuş Saydam: “According to the routine diet, the sudden increase in the consumption of meat, fat and sweets can cause palpitations, increased blood pressure and increase in blood sugar. Cholesterol content is high in red meat, so diabetic, cardiovascular and hypertensive patients should not overindulge in meat consumption, and should cleanse and consume the fat seen in meat. said. Expressing that changing the diet in a short time can cause weight gain, Uzm. Dr Canan Kuş Saydam said: “The hardness of the meat of freshly slaughtered animals can cause problems in both cooking and digestion processes. Because fatty meat contains a lot of saturated fat and cholesterol, people with chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure should consume it in moderation, without overdoing it.

“Cook meat with vegetables”

Arguing that methods such as boiling and grilling are preferable when cooking meat, internal medicine specialist, Uzm. Dr. Canan Kuş Saydam said: “Besides protein, meat contains vitamins such as B1, B6, B12 and A, as well as minerals such as zinc, iron, magnesium and phosphorus. However, as it lacks vitamins C and E, frying meat should be avoided, meat should be cooked and/or consumed with vegetables, not alone. While cooking the meat, it should only be cooked in its own fat and no additional oil should be added. he claimed. Emphasizing that the meat to be cooked on the barbecue should not be burned, Uzm. Dr. Canan Kuş Saydam said that burnt meat can be carcinogenic and that the structure of vitamins such as B1 and B12, which come into direct contact with fire, can deteriorate.

Avoid sorbet dessert

Emphasizing that an important point in food consumption during the feast is the consumption of sweets, Uzm. Dr Canan Kuş Saydam said patients with diabetes should avoid sweets with syrup if possible, preferring less sugary, milky and natural desserts during their holiday visits. exp. Dr Saydam said: “In order not to worsen blood sugar control, preference should be given to low-sugar ice cream or fruits for dessert, ayran, low-sugar compote or herbal teas as drinks. During the holidays, attention should be paid to a conscious feeding program, the balance between breakfast and snacks, and attention should be paid to exercise and walks so that food does not interfere with the digestive system.

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