Expert warns: Don’t confuse eye allergy with eye infection

Ophthalmologist Dr. Yüksel drew attention to the infection and allergic (conjunctivitis) problems of the eye, which are similar in symptoms, and provided information on how to understand the difference. “The most common symptoms of eye infection are redness, burning, itching, tearing, tenderness, and crusting or discharge around the eyelids.

Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, allergens, and other irritants. Because it is contagious, conjunctivitis, especially caused by viruses and bacteria, can spread to other people. Eye allergy or allergic conjunctivitis with its medical name is a common disease, unlike other conjunctivitis, it does not spread from person to person. Redness of the eyes, itching and tearing are the main symptoms. If there is no itching, allergy should not be considered. Eye allergy, as with other allergic diseases, plays a role in genetic characteristics and interaction with the environment. It is often seen in conjunction with other allergic conditions in the body. It is more common in children and adolescents. The incidence gradually decreases with age.

“Microscope examination needed”

Dr. Dr. Yüksel said: “If conjunctivitis is caused by pollen, it is usually seasonal. If the allergic cause is pet dander, mold and dust, it can sometimes trigger an allergic crisis. Some people may also develop allergic conjunctivitis to certain eye drops or contact lens solutions. Since allergic conjunctivitis has similar symptoms to other eye diseases, it is important to get the correct diagnosis.

For example, an eye allergy and an eye infection are different conditions that have similar symptoms but are based on different medical causes. By examining the ophthalmologist with a microscope, it is possible to understand what disease is and distinguish between infection and allergy. At the examination, in addition to the redness of the eye, puffiness due to allergic conjunctivitis in the eyelid is detected. The basic principle in treatment is to stay away from the factor that triggers allergies.

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