Pediatrics and Children’s Diseases Dr. Şüküfe Şirinova said: “Especially the risk groups are the elderly over 65 years old, children under 4 years old, people with chronic diseases, pregnant women and people who work outside the home. If possible, avoid going outside between 10-4pm when the sun is at its hottest. When going out, light-colored and loose clothing is preferable. Wide-brimmed hats with air holes are preferred and sunglasses should be used to protect the eyes.
Especially in the summer months, staying outside for a long time or being exposed to the sun for a long time causes health problems such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps and sunburn.
Experts recommend that especially the elderly over 65 years old, children under 4 years old, people with chronic diseases, pregnant women and people who work outside the home should pay attention to such situations. Saygı Hospital Pediatrics Dr. Şüküfe Şirinova said: “Extreme temperatures bring health problems. The increase in heat and humidity raises body temperature and metabolism tries to balance it. We generally try to do this by sweating to balance body temperature, but in the case of extreme heat, we may not be able to do this by sweating. In this case, various health problems can occur. Especially risk groups are elderly people over 65 years old, children under 4 years old, people with chronic diseases, pregnant women and people who work outside the home. If possible, avoid going outside between 10-4pm when the sun is at its hottest. When going outside, light colored, light and loose clothing is preferable.
Wide-brimmed hats with air holes are preferred and sunglasses should be used to protect the eyes. If possible, do not go to sea during these hours. If you go, sunscreen should be used and sunbathing should be avoided for a long time. Apart from that, if possible, regular showers should be taken during the day, if not, hands, face and neck should be moistened regularly. Even if there is no feeling of thirst, increase fluid consumption and consume at least two to two and a half liters of water and fluids throughout the day. We meet the liquid consumption mainly with water, instead of coffee, tea, carbonated drinks, drinks such as fruit juice, milk, ayran should be consumed. The main thing is to avoid the consumption of icy drinks. Because they can cause stomach cramps. At the same time, it is important to consume more fruits and vegetables that contain many vitamins and minerals and to avoid fatty foods.
“In case of heat stroke, it is imperative to submit an application to the health facility before the patient becomes serious”
Dr Şüküfe Şirinova said: “The condition we call heatstroke is the inability to lower body temperature, which occurs due to the body’s inability to sweat when exposed to extreme heat. The body temperature, which is normally 37 degrees, can rise to 40-41 degrees in 10-15 minutes. The main symptoms are fever above 39 degrees, dry and red skin, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache and weakness. In the same cases, symptoms such as loss of consciousness or clouding of consciousness can be observed. To avoid this, the patient should be immediately taken to a cool place and the body temperature should be lowered. In case of heat stroke, it is necessary to apply to the health facility before the patient becomes serious. In addition, there are conditions such as heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and sunburn that develop as a result of extreme heat.
Heat exhaustion is a condition that can occur if we don’t get enough fluids when exposed to extreme heat. If weakness and exhaustion in patients last more than an hour, they should definitely go to the hospital. Heat cramps, on the other hand, are an event that occurs due to mineral loss due to excessive activity. These are seen as painful spasms that develop in the leg, arm, and abdominal muscles. If the patient’s pain does not subside after cessation of activity, submit an application to the health facility within one hour. Sunburn is also a common problem. In patients, fever can be seen, rashes in the form of watery collection can be seen. In particular, people younger than 1 year and older than 65 years should turn to health institutions in this situation.
dr. Şüküfe Şirinova, “The people who have to work outside should pay attention; It is very important, if possible, not to be exposed to sunlight for a long time, to use protective materials, to use products such as hats and glasses, to drink plenty of fluids and to consume salty foods. We recommend not taking children outside, especially between 10am and 4pm. If it needs to be removed, we must use sunscreen with a minimum of 50 protection. It is recommended for them to wear sun hats and sunglasses with UV protection.”