Extreme heat threatens heart health

Cardiology specialist Prof. Dr. Halil Tolga Koçum, noting that there has been an increase in complaints of heart disease in the scorching summer heat, said: “Hot and humid weather poses a serious risk, especially for the elderly, people with heart disease and people who taking hypertension drugs.”

Noting that on hot and sweltering days, the heart had to pump more blood than usual to initiate sweating, which is the basic mechanism that cools the body. Dr Koçum said: “Heat stroke occurs when our body is unable to cool itself down. This condition manifests itself in weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache-dizziness, muscle twitching. It can cause a serious condition where your symptoms can even lead to organ failure. Those who have such complaints should turn to a health facility without wasting time,” he said.

The elderly are at risk

Noting that the extremely hot weather is having a negative impact on the health of the elderly, Prof. Dr. My coach said: “As we age, our ability to balance our body temperature decreases. Due to the increasing plaque burden in all arteries with advancing age, the veins become a harder structure and the feeling of thirst decreases, which can lead to health problems up to fainting in the elderly.
Noting that medications used for heart disease or hypertension should be approached with caution in hot weather, Koçum said, “While some medications cause excessive water loss due to their diuretic properties, sometimes the enlargement of the vessels to lower the body’s temperature can also cause low blood pressure, which is why the medications they normally take may be too much.” He suggested that patients consult their doctors to rearrange their medications if necessary.

Make sure to drink plenty of water

Claiming that thirst means that the water the body needs is not in the metabolism, Koçum said: “In such a situation, first the blood volume decreases and then the amount of blood pumped to the organs decreases rapidly. Then in extreme cases can even see that organs lose their function. In extreme heat it is important to drink enough water. Sometimes problems with the metabolism can be experienced as a result of the loss of minerals through sweat. Sufficient fluid intake is then very important because the lost substances need to be replenished quickly.”
Noting that it is possible to protect heart health in hot weather if adequate precautions are taken, Koçum said: “Drinking a lot of water means losing water means a risk. So don’t wait until you are thirsty to drink water. Stay away from excessive water.” amounts of caffeine and alcohol. Expelling light-colored urine is the best thing you can do to get enough fluids. “Choose appropriate clothing. Choose light and light-colored clothing, breathable cotton fabrics. Protect yourself from the sun. Try not to be outside between 11:00 AM and 4:00 PM when the sun is at its highest, and rest. If you go outside be sure to wear a hat or umbrella.”

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