Cardiology specialist Dr., who warns cardiovascular disease of extreme heat. Özgür Mete said: “The number of patients who have a heart attack and die due to cardiovascular disease in extremely hot and humid weather is increasing. This number is increasing even more, especially among the elderly and people with intercurrent illnesses. The warming of the air in the summer months cause dilatation of the veins, loss of fluid and salt, and acceleration of the heartbeat.”The workload of the heart increases and the blood clotting tendency increases. For this reason, those in the high-risk group are more at risk for a heart attack,” he said.
Dr. Özgür Mete said: “As the water evaporates from the moist skin, the skin begins to cool. In this way, the decrease in the amount of fluid circulating in the veins leads to a decrease in the volume of blood passing through the kidneys. This , in case of insufficient fluid intake, causes the vessels to contract with the substances secreted by the kidneys and adrenal glands, and aggravate the symptoms of heart failure with a sudden increase in blood pressure.In hot weather with excessive sweating, patients with hypertension and heart failure, taking diuretics should take enough fluids otherwise deterioration of kidney function and sudden drop in blood pressure may occur Sodium and potassium deficiency occurs due to excessive fluid loss in those taking these drugs arrhythmias in the heart and disorders in consciousness,” he said.
Explaining that patients with previous cardiovascular disease should stay in cool places as much as possible, and if they start experiencing complaints such as chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations, they should turn to a health facility without wasting time, Mete said, “For heart – and vascular patients to spend the hot summer months in a healthier way, especially when the sun is high Avoid walking around in the full sun for hours and being in cool and shady places Sports that require a lot of strength should be avoided. 30 minutes of swimming in the early morning or in the cool of the evening. Avoid heavy, fatty meals and eat vegetables in short and frequent intervals. “Make sure to consume 2.5 liters of fluid. One should use the sea and the pool on an empty stomach in the morning and evening. One should not go into the sea immediately after a meal,” he said.