Fainting can be a sign of a serious heart condition
What is fainting?
Syncope means fainting in medical language. Patients who faint lose their consciousness and posture. During fainting, individuals may suddenly fall to the floor. This is what makes syncope dangerous for healthy individuals. Usually individuals lose consciousness without even realizing it and collapse to where they are. Meanwhile, they get hit on the head, fall from somewhere, etc. possibly. In some cases, it is also possible that they feel like they are going to pass out. They may try to reassure themselves because of the feeling of fainting, which is known in medical parlance as “presyncope.” What Are the Causes of Fainting? Epilepsy Sudden drop in blood sugar Blood pressure disease, sudden change in blood pressure Some heart diseases Some diseases related to cerebral vessels Some diseases related to the lungs Syncope often does not occur due to a health problem.
In some cases, the body may faint in response to environmental factors. Of course, this is also dangerous. Because patients cannot choose the place where they will faint; they can pass out in traffic, in the middle of the road, in a high place. As a result, they can injure themselves. However, what makes syncope really dangerous is; are health problems that originate in the brain or heart. Fainting is often the result of a sudden cessation of blood flow to the brain or a major reduction in blood flow. The brain does not get the oxygen it needs to continue its activities and shuts itself down. As a result, fainting occurs. There are many factors that affect blood flow to the brain. We will discuss those related to the Cardiology section of these factors. Fainting due to heart disease Cardiac syncope is the fainting that occurs due to heart and heart disease. Nearly 1 in 5 cases of fainting are caused by heart-related causes.
Arrhythmias and structural disorders in the heart; They can cause changes in the amount of blood reaching the brain. If the amount of blood going to the brain falls below a certain level, people can lose consciousness and pass out. Arrhythmias affect both the heartbeat pattern and the volume of blood pumped by the heart. That is why some types of arrhythmias can cause frequent fainting. arrhythmias, which often manifest as palpitations; in some cases they can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness and fainting. Arrhythmias are very serious disorders. They need to be treated because they cause conditions like syncope and affect the entire body, including the heart. What is the treatment for fainting? Prof.Dr.Ömer Uz, ”First aid to persons who are fainting should be performed by health care professionals who are experts in their field or by persons who have first aid training. Patients can fall and injure the head and neck area during syncope, so the patient should not be moved as much as possible until healthcare professionals arrive. The fainted patients recover when their blood pressure and heart rate return to normal,” he said. However, the underlying causes of syncope should also be explored. If fainting is observed due to arrhythmias in the heart, the person may face more serious health problems due to arrhythmias. Therefore, a cardiologist should be consulted. So if syncope is seen due to arrhythmia, appropriate treatment can be planned based on the type of arrhythmia.