Fibromyalgia is more common in women aged 25-55 and older

exp. Dr. Ayşe Yener Güçlü provided information on “Fibromyalgia Syndrome”, also known as Chronic Pain and Fatigue Syndrome in Sedentary Life, and made recommendations for its treatment. Güçlü said fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that causes fatigue and trouble sleeping, as well as pain and tenderness in the body. , mental trauma such as the loss of a family member, some viral diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, some rheumatic diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis can cause fibromyalgia. The incidence of the disease is increasing in the first-degree relatives of people with the disease.

“As the economic level rises, the incidence increases”

“Fibromyalgia Syndrome; It is a chronic rheumatic soft tissue pain syndrome that manifests with widespread pain and tenderness in the muscles, sleep disturbances, fatigue, weakness and morning stiffness,” said Güçlü. Of the diseases that cause long-term pain and disability, fibromyalgia syndrome ranks first in terms of job loss. Although it is more common in women aged 25-55 and in women, the disease can also be seen in men and in childhood. It is more common in people with an education and economic level above average.

“It is felt more intensely in the neck and waist areas of the body which are used more”

The symptoms seen in severe fibromyalgia are listed as follows:

“Pain and stiffness all over the body. Fatigue, exhaustion. Depression and anxiety. Sleeping problems. Problems with thinking, memory and concentration. Headaches, including migraines. It is felt more in the waist and region. Pain and widespread pain are the most common complaints in fibromyalgia syndrome. The pain is felt more intensely in the neck and waist areas of the body, which are used more. There may also be pain in the shoulders, elbows, knees, and hands. Patients report that one side of their body hurts more than the other side. The cause of the disease is unknown. Sleep disorders, major physical trauma like fall or car accident, mental trauma like loss of a loved one, some viral diseases, some rheumatic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis are the factors that cause the formation of the disease.

“Locating pain in 11 regions is diagnostic”

Güçlü explained the situations that aggravate fibromyalgia symptoms as follows:

“Fatigue, high work rate, psychological tension, flu infections, noise, sitting or standing for a long time, repetitive movements.”

Strong, who warned not to ignore the pain that has been going on for 3 months, said, “It’s not easy to diagnose fibromyalgia; because there is no specific laboratory test for the disease. However, it can be associated with other diseases, such as underlying rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. For this reason, biochemistry and blood tests should be requested and thyroid function tests performed. Investigations are usually normal if there is no underlying disease. Radiological examinations may be performed to rule out other diseases. The presence of widespread pain for at least 3 months and the detection of pain in 11 regions when pressure is applied to certain parts of the body (18 predefined tender points) is diagnostic.

Apply to local injections

Strong continued his speech with the following words:

“Drugs Used in the Treatment of Fibromyalgia Syndrome; It is used to reduce pain, relieve fatigue, regulate sleep and treat depression. Sleep regulators and muscle relaxants are used for this, especially antidepressants and painkillers. In addition, local injections can also be given at sensitive points.

He explained what should be done after being diagnosed with fibromyalgia

exp. Dr. Ayşe Yener Güçlü explained what should be done after being diagnosed with fibromyalgia:

“Exercise is a treatment and prevention method for soft tissue rheumatism. Activities such as relaxation exercises, stretches, cardiovascular conditioning exercises, low-intensity walking, swimming and cycling, and water aerobics are particularly beneficial. Before going to bed, patients are advised not to take substances such as alcohol, cigarettes, tea, cola, coffee that can affect sleep. In physiotherapy applications, positive results are obtained with hot application, deep heating elements and electrical stimulation and massage with analgesic properties. In addition, spa treatments are recommended. Climate has no influence on the onset of fibromyalgia, but cold and damp weather increases the symptoms of fibromyalgia syndrome. In warm and dry weather, massages and sports activities reduce the symptoms.

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