Pediatric health and disease specialist Uzm. Dr Murat İmal said that there is a vaccination calendar established by the Ministry of Health in Turkey, which is applied as basic health care from childhood.
“To get full results from vaccines, they need to be given at the right age and in the right doses”
Noting that while the growth and development of newborn babies are monitored, their vaccinations are regularly made according to this calendar. Dr. Murat İmal answered the questions about the vaccines to be applied from birth of babies. exp. Dr. Murat İmal, “Vaccines are the response of the immune system with weakened or dead microorganisms they contain. Vaccines have to be administered at the right age and in the right doses to get full results. Vaccines contain weakened viruses or bacteria. The goal is to introduce these bacteria and viruses to the immune system and respond quickly when encountered. Vaccines can be applied to the arm or leg. Some vaccines are administered orally, some intramuscularly, and some subcutaneously. Vaccination begins immediately after birth and continues until the end of primary education. Vaccinations in the Ministry of Health’s program are given free of charge in family health centers. Children, with the exception of primary care. Health and disease specialists follow the same vaccination schedule,” he said.
Which vaccine is given in which month?
İmal stated that the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine is administered to the baby before it is discharged from the hospital after birth, and said, “The second dose of the hepatitis B vaccine is administered in accordance with the vaccination schedule of the first month.During the baby of the second month routine check, BCG (tuberculosis vaccine), KPA (pneumonia) and combination vaccine 5. Some babies may have a small scar where the tuberculosis vaccine was given.The combination vaccine is given to protect the baby against diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio and meningitis KPA, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine infants against meningitis, otitis media and pneumonia To protect the patient, the vaccine is given in the 4th month of mixed vaccines and KPA vaccines in the 6th month of hepatitis B vaccine and the 5th month mixed vaccine in the 6th month In addition, oral live polio vaccine is given The measles vaccine is given in the 9th month The KPA vaccine is given in the 12th month The last dose of measles-rubella-mumps (MMR) and varicella- vaccines are given At the 18th month the 5 combined vaccine, oral live polio and hepatitis A vaccines (jaundice) are given At the 24th month the hepatitis A vaccine is repeated At the age of 4 KKK and 4 mixed vaccine booster doses are given datum. A tetanus booster is given in group 8 of primary school.”
“Rota vaccine will be started at 2-3 months old”
Referring to the vaccines outside the routine vaccination schedule in infants and children, İmal said, “There are also special vaccines that are outside the routine vaccination program of the Ministry of Health. These are rotavirus vaccines to prevent diarrhea in infants and children. Meningococcal vaccination to treat meningeal inflammation prevent Genital warts and advanced HPV vaccine to prevent the development of cervical cancer in old age Influenza vaccine Rota vaccine is started at the age of 2-3 months, 2-3 doses can be given according to the vaccine brand Rota vaccination must be terminated after 6 months Meningococcal disease is a severe, crippling or fatal bacterial bacterial infection.” The disease is more common and more severe, especially in children under 1 year of age. In many developed countries, the vaccine is in the routine vaccination program. In our country it is given as a special vaccine and is recommended from the 2nd month. The dose of the meningococcal vaccine may vary according to the baby’s month,” he said.