Ophthalmologist Op. Dr. Erdal Kaydu warned against glaucoma, popularly called glaucoma or black water disease. Noting that the disease can cause permanent vision loss if left untreated, Dr. Kaydu gave the following information about the disease:
“Glaucoma, popularly known as ‘black water’, is a common eye disease that usually proceeds secretly without symptoms. If left untreated, it can cause permanent vision loss. Eye pressure (glaucoma) can be seen at any age. However, as it is more common in patients over 40 years of age, these patients should have their eye pressure checked once a year.Those with a family history of eye pressure should be checked more often.In the early period, symptoms such as marked headaches may become blurred in some patients seeing, rings of light around the lights from time to time, pain around the eyes while watching TV, etc. Glaucoma in relatives, diabetes later in life, nearsightedness, long-term cortisone treatment, eye injuries and migraines increase the risk of glaucoma. glaucoma is narrow-angle glaucoma, which comes on suddenly with a crisis later in life.It occurs with severe eye pain, decreased vision, redness of the eye and nausea and vomiting. It requires urgent treatment. In the species observed in infancy and childhood, watery eyes, sensitivity to light, and eye enlargement are observed.
“Have your eye pressure measured every year”
Dr. Kaydu stated that with proper treatment, the disease can be successfully controlled and the progression of vision loss prevented. Dr Kaydu said: “Early diagnosis is important because there is no recurrence after loss of vision in eye pressure (glaucoma). An abnormal increase in intraocular pressure detected during normal eye examinations may be the first sign of the disease. Regular examinations by the ophthalmologist are the best method for early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. Glaucoma is diagnosed with a careful eye exam. In the diagnostic eye exam, the ophthalmologist measures the patient’s intraocular pressure with an instrument called a “tonometer”. the optic nerves by performing a fundus examination on the patient If he deems it necessary, he will do a visual field test to determine if there is a loss in the visual field Further investigations that examine the optic nerve and nerve fiber layer such as RNFL, NFA or HRT, can also be applied.Open-angle glaucoma is mainly treated with various drugs that lower intraocular pressure. Surgical treatments can be applied in resistant cases or according to the type of glaucoma. Some patients may need more than one surgical procedure. In the narrow-angle type that occurs in a crisis, treatment is very urgent. Laser treatments can be used for uncontrolled glaucoma or angle-closure glaucoma. Glaucoma is an insidious disease. Don’t forget to have your eye pressure measured every year.