Neurosurgical specialist Dr. Mansur Mammadov, who states that brain tumors are an important group of diseases in neurosurgery (neurosurgery), said: “Tumors arising from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Secondary brain tumor occurs when a non-cerebral cancer spreads to the brain. In general, we can classify brain tumors as malignant (malignant) and benign (benign).
Noting that the central nervous system, especially the brain, is very sensitive to pressure changes because it resides in a well-protected closed box (skull), Dr. Mammadov stated that although they do not contain cancer cells, some benign tumors can also pose life-threatening threats by pressing on important structures.
“The diagnosis is very easy and fast”
Dr. Mammadov stated that the most common symptoms are: “Headache, especially in the morning, slowing down in movement and mimicking, nausea and sudden vomiting, seizures, personality changes, memory impairment, disturbances in some functions such as writing, double vision, blurred vision, balance and gait disorders, Hormonal disorders such as numbness, tingling or loss of strength in arms and legs, early puberty, growth of hands and feet, menstrual disorders, cortisol deficiency or excess, and related symptoms.
Giving the information that diagnosis of a brain tumor is very easy and fast these days, said Dr. Mammadov emphasized that taking the case history and performing a general or neurological examination in people with symptoms are very important in diagnosis. He added that testing methods such as brain tomography (CT) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide information about the location, type and size of the brain tumor in a short period of time.
Dr. Mammadov said surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main methods of treatment.
“With neuronavigation, the boundaries of the mass are determined precisely”
Dr. Dr. Mammadov said: “The aim of this method is to remove the tumor without damaging the brain tissue. In benign tumors, 100% success is achieved by removing the entire tumor. An attempt is made to remove the entire tumor, for this, in addition to the location and location of the tumor, technological methods such as microsurgical technique, endoscopy, mapping, awake surgery, navigation are used.
Dr. Mammadov stated that with neuronavigation, mass boundaries are clearly defined during surgery and that this allows the entire tumor to be removed.
Mammadov listed the benefits of the neuronavigation technique as “opening a smaller and well-centered bone window, using less blood, performing the operation in a shorter time, faster healing of the wound, shortening the hospitalization period, quicker return to everyday life”.
“The patient should see a doctor as soon as possible”
Dr. Mammadov explained that endoscopic methods help to perform brain tumor surgery without opening the skull or endoscopic intraventricular tumor surgery through very small openings in suitable patients.
He stated that radiotherapy, a treatment method used to kill cancer cells using high-energy rays, is used after shrinking or removing the tumor. He stated that chemotherapy is a treatment method used to prevent the growth of cancer cells and is usually used along with radiotherapy.
Underlining that, as with any life-threatening disease, early diagnosis also plays a life-saving role in brain tumors. Mammadov advised the patient to observe and notice the observed changes in himself, and to immediately consult a doctor.