Calcification is actually a breakdown of cartilage. The main joint that connects the leg to the trunk is called the hip joint. The hip joint carries a lot of load. Calcification of the hip joint is the erosion and deformation of the cartilage that, for various reasons, covers the bones that form this joint, and the loss of the anatomical structure of the underlying bones.
What are the causes of hip calcification?
Hip joint calcifications are divided into 2 groups. The first group are the calcifications that occur due to the erosion of the cartilage in the hip joint over time due to a congenital or later structural disorder (such as arthritis, hip dislocation, childhood hip bone diseases, trauma…). The second group is hip calcifications, the cause of which cannot be determined.
At what age does hip calcification occur?
The problem of hip joint calcification can usually appear after the age of 60, but it can also be seen at a young age after hip joint disease in childhood or when there is congenital hip dislocation.
What are the symptoms of hip calcification?
Calcification of the hip joint is a disease that complicates the lives of patients and significantly reduces their quality of life. Pain is one of the most obvious and important complaints. Due to this pain, difficulties in daily activities such as wearing socks, getting into a vehicle, sitting, and getting up are among the symptoms. Limitation of movements of the hip joint occurs. Pain usually occurs first, followed by limitation of movement. This pain is not felt in the hip, but in the groin and spreads to the knee.
Some common symptoms are:
Joint stiffness and range of motion, which decreases with movement,
Clicking or crackling sound when a joint is bent,
Slight swelling around the joint
Joint pain that increases after activity or towards the end of the day.
Pain is felt in the groin or hip area, and sometimes in the knee or thigh.
How is hip joint calcification diagnosed?
After listening to the patient’s complaints, the disease can be revealed by physical examination. However, in order to make a differential diagnosis between hip joint disorders, it is usually necessary to take an X-ray first. In some special cases, an MRI and computed tomography examination may be required.
How is hip calcification treated?
There are several options to reduce or completely eliminate the symptoms of calcification. Doctors prescribe medications for pain and inflammation in the joints, but pain medications that don’t make the lesion go away can cause the lesion to grow further.
Symptoms can be relieved with physical therapy. Some patients may require surgery. Drug injections into the intra-articular or surrounding tissues, prolotherapy, neural therapy, stem cell applications are also among the preferred treatment methods and should be included in the treatment options. pain, stiffness and swelling, increasing joint mobility and flexibility, weight loss and adequate exercise are essential.