Professor of Veterinary Medicine at Atatürk University. Dr. Fikret Çelebi reported that there are more than 200 types of ‘zoonotic diseases’, known as diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans. prof. Dr Çelebi said: “The rate of transmission of these diseases to humans can increase by 37 percent due to lack of attention and some factors during the Feast of Sacrifice. This is a very important situation. Therefore, there are issues that our citizens need to pay attention to spend. in terms of provisioning and slaughter of the victim. If they shop at the animal market with their own knowledge, “said Çelebi. It is imperative to ask the person from whom he bought the sacrifice and check it, which we the ‘certificate of origin’ of that animal, i.e. from which region the animal originates, to which place it belongs and whether it has been vaccinated. Places where sacrificial sales take place are preferable because they are under the control of the agricultural and forestry directorates and municipalities. It is quite risky to buy an animal from a citizen in a way that we would call the black order, by on a street side or in another place, because there is no guarantee that the animal you buy is sick. However, there is a veterinarian in animal markets where mass sales take place. “We have friends who work there all the time,” he said.
ATTENTION TO ANIMAL TUBERCULOSIS
Çetin stated that despite the precautions there may be animals without clinical signs of disease and called for attention to tuberculosis in animals. Çetin stated that the TB type in cattle can be transmitted to humans very easily, noting that the clinical diagnosis of the disease is difficult and can be determined in the post-mortem controls, saying: “Initially, animals with tuberculosis only are detected as follows; the animal is undersized, weak, has no appetite in the market. It is slower than its counterparts. ; hold one ear of the animal. If you feel an abnormal temperature that is out of normal, you will feeling that the temperature is high indicates that the animal is sick.Since you do not have the opportunity to perform a serological test or any other laboratory test at this time, it is best to have the animal you see as weak in that kind of situation.” he said.
THINGS TO CHECK AFTER CUTTING
Çetin stated that there are issues to consider after sacrificing against tuberculosis:
“We see larger lentil-sized pus-like inflammatory structures in the form of tuberculosis nodules in the lungs, pulmonary cavity, abdominal cavity, lymph nodes of the kidneys and other parts of the body. When such a case is seen, citizens should immediately go to a veterinarian and take disinfection measures. Wash their hands and feet very well. The blades that touch that organ should be cleaned very well and pulled aside and the vet informed. It is absolutely dangerous and inconvenient to cut the flesh of the animal, which has a casing which has generally spread all over the body. Again, after the animal has been slaughtered, if you see a liver with a round apricot-sized sac filled with water on the liver, it means that this animal has hydatid cysts. also infect humans, exploding those bubbles and letting the water flow or touching our eyes, etc. will even damage the food it comes into contact with. We must consume. The food we consume over the years causes the buildup of dirt in our liver. Therefore, if we see these abnormalities after the animal has been slaughtered, it should not be eaten. Some even have the idea that ‘we clean the lesions, throw them away and then consume the rest’. Do not participate in such behavior. Because it carries many risks to human health. Their waste carries even greater risks. Because dogs and cats consume these waste products, they themselves take the larvae and eggs of that parasite with them. This time they develop that parasite in their own body and shed hundreds of thousands of parasite eggs from their guts back into the environment and infect them. They can also cause people and other animals to get sick.”
BLOOD MUST BE PROPERLY DRAINED
Çelebi continued in his statement: “The most important thing after slaughtering the victim is to shed the blood properly. Generally, those who slaughter at home and in the gardens cannot properly shed the blood of the animal. There is a vein that he knows as his vein. In this case, the blood will continue to flow from the veins. Since this vein is not cut, the contractions in the animal will continue and it will constantly drain its blood in the process. If we cut this vein earlier, the reflex movements in the muscles will disappear, the contractions will decrease and it will later flow through the veins or remain in the meat meat with blood residues has a short shelf life If it can be kept for 1 week in the refrigerator it can be shortened to 4 days, it spoils quickly. You have to be very careful with this. It is necessary to cut the victim while hanging, wait for the blood to flow, and then cut it into pieces. The process,” he said.