How and when did Turks become Muslim?

Turks are known to have adopted different beliefs throughout history. The most common of these beliefs is the Gök Türk belief, which is listed as a constant in the sources. However, the process of becoming Muslim Turks proceeded in different ways in different periods. In this article, we will examine how the Turks became Muslims, with what war they accepted this religion, and the first Islamic Turkic states. If you’re ready, let’s get started…

How did Turks become Muslim?

The most important factor for Turks to accept Islam is that they have common points in terms of faith. Islam is based on belief in one God and common values. Therefore, it was possible for the Turks to accept Islam more easily.

The conversion of Turks to Islam started from Central Asia and spread to Anatolia. However, the Battle of Talas, which was a certain turning point, played an important role in the conversion of the Turks to Islam.

The relationship of Turks with Islam in the Umayyad period

The period when the Turks were delayed in accepting Islam is the Umayyad period. The oppressive attitude of the Umayyad caliphs had a negative impact on the conversion of the Turks to Islam. Situations such as taxation by non-Arab Muslims and denial of state duties made it difficult for Turks to convert to Islam. However, according to the information given in the sources, during this period there were also Turks who adopted Islam as a tribe. Some studies have found that the reason for the wars with the Turks during the Umayyad period was not the spread of Islam, but the land battles.

How did Turks become Muslim?

The relationship of Turks with Islam in the Abbasid period:

The Abbasid period was an important period for Turks and other ethnicities to accept Islam. In the Abbasid period, when the oppressive attitude of the Umayyads came to an end, the Turks were given duties in state institutions and equality between races was ensured. This situation contributed to the strengthening of the Turks’ relations with Islam during the Abbasid period. The process that started with the acceptance of Islam by the Bulgarian state of Idil continued with the acceptance of Islam by the Karakhanids. During the same period, Seljuk Bey’s conversion to Islam marked a major turning point in Turkish and Islamic history.

In which war did the Turks become Muslim?

How did Turks become Muslim?

One of the wars that was effective in the conversion of the Turks to Islam was the Battle of Talas, which took place in 751. This war was fought between Turks and Arabs and was fought against a common enemy, the Chinese dynasty. As a result of the Talas War, the Turkish and Arab armies inflicted a major defeat on the Chinese army.

The Talas War led to an important cultural exchange between Turkic and Arab cultures. One of the main results of this exchange was the spread of Islam among the Turks. The Turks saw that they had common beliefs and values ​​with the Arabs. They accepted Islam more easily because of these common points.

Which Turkish states were the first to become Muslim?

How did Turks become Muslim?

The mass conversion of Turks to Islam gained momentum, especially in the 10th century. One of the first Muslim Turkic states was the Karakhanid state, which consisted of the Karluk, Yagma, Çiğil and Tuhsi tribes. Karakhanids were a Turkic state founded in 840 and effective in Central Asia. Islam was adopted by the rulers of the Karakhanid state and became the official religion of the state. In this way, the Karakhanids took on the task of spreading and protecting Islam.

Another important Islamic Turkish state is the Great Seljuk State that emerged under the Oghuzes. Oghuz Turks adopted Islam by establishing the Great Seljuk State in the 11th century. The Great Seljuk State became a great Islamic empire that spread to the Middle East and Anatolia. During this period, Turks contributed greatly to the spread and development of Islam.

Spread of Islam among Turks and Caliphate

How did Turks become Muslim?

With the tasks given to the Turks during the Abbasid period and the establishment of the Great Seljuk State, the Turks assumed the duty of the caliphate. As the Turks started to become Muslims, other Turkish tribes also started to accept Islam. During this period he played a major role in the spread of Islam among the Turks.

When it comes to the Ottoman period, the process of Turks becoming Muslim has become even faster. The administrative understanding of the Ottoman Empire is based on the principles of justice and fairness. This has been effective not only for Turks but also for people of other ethnicities to accept Islam. The Ottoman administration attached importance to protecting peoples belonging to different religions and treating them with tolerance. This situation stimulated the spread of Islam among the Turks.

Turks’ claims to “become Muslim by the sword” in the process of becoming Muslim do not reflect the truth. Studies show that Turks have embraced Islam voluntarily, and sometimes even without realizing it. In particular, the Abbasid period, called the service period, and the establishment of the Great Seljuk State played an important role in the spread of Islam by the Turks and the conversion of other peoples to Islam.

What is the main reason for Turks to accept Islam?

Having common ground in terms of faith is an important factor for Turks to accept Islam. Islam is based on belief in one God and common values.

In which war did the Turks become Muslim?

One of the wars that was effective in converting the Turks to Islam was the Battle of Talas, which took place in 751.

What is the role of the Battle of Talas in the conversion of Turks to Islam?

The Battle of Talas was a turning point that accelerated the Turks’ introduction to Islam and pioneered cultural exchange.

What factors were effective in spreading the conversion of the Turks to Islam?

Factors such as having common beliefs and values, cultural exchange and acceptance of religion by Turkish states were effective in the spread of Islam among Turks.

Which Turkish states were the first to become Muslim?

The Karakhanid State (840) and the Great Seljuk State (1037) were the first Islamic Turkic states.

Have the Islamic Turkish states taken on the task of spreading and protecting Islam?

Yes, Karakhanids and Great Seljuks took on the task of spreading and protecting Islam.

When did the acceptance of Islam by the Turks accelerate?

The mass conversion of Turks to Islam gained momentum, especially in the 10th century.

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