How do you care for a water turtle? Maintenance requirements

Turtles are a popular pet choice. With their marine life and interesting personalities, they are among the creatures loved by many animal lovers. However, housing turtles without adequate knowledge of turtle care and nutrition can be dangerous to turtle health. In this article you will find a lot of information about the care of turtles.

Choosing the right aquarium for aquatic turtles

It is very important to provide aquatic turtles with a suitable habitat to live a happy and healthy life. Therefore, it is imperative to choose an aquarium of the correct size and setup for aquatic turtles.

The correct aquarium size for a turtle depends on the size and age of the turtle. In general, an aquarium twice the size of the turtle is preferred. It is also important to choose a larger aquarium if you are going to keep several turtles. Turtles’ range of motion and swimming needs must be taken into account.

The setup of the aquarium is also important. Turtles want places where they can swim and hide underwater. Materials such as underwater plants, caves, rocks and sand should be present in the aquarium. However, the aquarium setup can vary depending on the species and age of the turtle, so it’s important to research the species.

Water quality and filtration systems

How to care for a water turtle

Water quality is important for aquatic turtles to live in a healthy way. Keeping the water in which turtles live clean and free of contaminants is critical to their health and happiness. Therefore, it is extremely important to use filter systems to maintain water quality.

Filter systems maintain water quality by filtering and cleaning the water. These systems are designed to control the pH value, hardness of water and harmful substances such as ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. However, when choosing a filtration system, you should choose a model that suits the needs of the turtles. This is critical for cleaning the water and maintaining turtle health.

Filtration systems can vary depending on the volume of water the turtles live in and the number of turtles. For a single turtle living in a small tank, you can use an internal filter. However, if you live in a larger water tank and with more than one turtle, it may be better to opt for an external filter.

External filters are large filters that are more suitable for larger volumes of water. An advantage of these filters is that they do not reduce the space used by turtles. However, internal filters also have some advantages. For example, they may be more practical if used in a smaller container of water.

Food for turtles

How to care for a water turtle

Feeding turtles is very important. Along with proper nutrition, a balanced diet, frequent feedings, water feeding and the use of good quality food are essential for the healthy growth of aquatic turtles.

The right bait

Aquatic turtles are generally fed a high protein diet. The best baits to feed them include high-protein maggots, earthworms, shrimp, mosquito larvae, and fish. However, the point to be noted is that the diet of aquatic turtles is diversified. In other words, instead of just a protein-based diet, they should be fed a variety of foods, including vegetables, fruits, and some plants.


Aquatic turtles need a balanced diet to grow up healthy. This means that they get all these nutrients in a balanced way, as well as food rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. For this reason, many veterinarians give advice on nutrition.

Feed regularly

Aquatic turtles are fed frequently, usually in small portions. Feeding them several times a day helps keep their metabolism regular. Turtles may also have to wait a few minutes before they finish their food.

Feed with water

The best method of feeding aquatic turtles is to offer food in a bowl placed in the water. In this way, turtles can both eat in the water and avoid contamination of their food. It is also important to change the water when feeding turtles.

Good quality bait

It is important that the food used for feeding turtles is of good quality. Poor quality food can harm turtle health. Therefore, it is recommended to choose quality feeds available in the market.

Reproduction of aquatic turtles

How to care for a water turtle

Aquatic turtle reproduction occurs with the eggs that female turtles produce in their spawning grounds. Male turtles, on the other hand, are known to exude a special odor to attract females.

Female turtles lay eggs, usually at intervals of several years. The spawning period usually takes place in the summer. The spawning area is usually a sandy and sunny area, where the females dig their eggs. The number of eggs can vary depending on the species and size of the female. A female turtle can lay 5-20 eggs at a time.

The eggs usually incubate for 2-3 months and then the baby turtles hatch. The sex of baby turtles is determined by their rounded shells. Offspring with round shells are usually sexed as females and offspring with oval shells as males.

Baby turtles should be raised according to the conditions in which they were born. The nutrition of puppies is very important during their growing period. A balanced diet is essential for puppies to grow up healthy. In addition, baby turtle habitats must have appropriate temperature, humidity, and light conditions.

Turtle species and characteristics

How to care for a water turtle

Each turtle species has different characteristics and needs. So when learning about turtle care, it’s important to consider the types of turtles and their characteristics.

  • Red-eared slider: This species is known for its red colored ears, as well as greenish bark and yellowish striped legs. The size of its adults can vary between 30-35 cm. This species usually lives in freshwater lakes and rivers.
  • Yellow Bearded Turtle: This species has a yellowish feather or beard-like texture on their chin and neck. The size of its adults can vary between 25-30 cm. This species mostly lives in the Southeastern United States and Mexico.
  • Diamond Back Turtle: This species is known for its diamond-shaped patterns on its shell. The size of its adults can vary between 30-35 cm. This species usually lives in freshwater lakes and rivers.
  • Green Turtle: This species usually lives in the seas and can grow up to 120 cm. They are known for their green shells and tan faces.
  • Caretta Tortoise: This species usually lives in the seas and its size can vary between 100-130 cm. They have dark brown shells and round faces.
  • Reptile Turtle: This species mostly lives in North America and can range in size from 20-25 cm. They have brown shells and yellowish legs.
  • Eastern Arctic Tortoise: This species is mostly found in the northern regions of North America and Europe and can range in size from 6-8 inches (15-20 cm). They have greenish or yellowish shells and short legs.

How do turtles feed?

Aquatic turtles are generally carnivores and feed on foods such as shrimp, fish, insects and green vegetables. It is especially important to feed puppies protein-rich food.

How are aquatic turtle aquariums arranged?

Choosing a suitable aquarium for aquatic turtles is important. The size of the aquarium should be determined by the size and number of turtles. The bottom of the aquarium should be smooth so as not to damage the turtles’ nails. As a decoration, caves, rocks and plants can be used where turtles can hide.

What should the water temperature of the turtles be?

The water temperature for aquatic turtles can vary depending on their species. In general, the water temperature should be between 22 and 28 degrees. To avoid sudden changes in water temperature, the use of a heater is recommended.

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