Perincek advised careful examination of the organs of the animals slaughtered during Eid al-Adha, saying that hydatid cysts are usually seen in the liver of sheep and goats as a triangular orange color. Perincek stated that hydatid cyst disease is transmitted from animals to humans, Perincek said: “The organ containing hydatid cyst should not be thrown in the trash after slaughter and should not be fed to animals such as cats and dogs. Animal meat and offal containing these contains cysts mature into the parasites when eaten by dogs Parasites spawn at regular intervals in the main host The chain of infection turns into a vicious circle when excreted by dogs.
One of the reasons hydatid cysts are a problem in our country is to feed the cystic viscera to dogs instead of burying them, or to randomly leave them in the middle, feeding stray dogs with these viscera, especially after the slaughter on Eid al-Adha. Because the animal that eats a hydatid cyst liver can be transmitted to humans from places such as eggs and grass, which are then thrown out with its feces. Therefore, the organs containing cysts must be removed by burying them in a way that dogs and other carnivorous animals cannot reach them. More attention should be paid to these issues, especially during Eid-al-Adha. Parasite eggs can get into the hands when petting and petting free-range dogs without parasite control. In this way, the eggs of the parasite are carried by bringing the contaminated hands to the mouth without washing them. Therefore, children in particular should wash their hands with plenty of soap and water after contact with dogs.
‘THEY CAN SURVIVE UP TO A YEAR IN THE SOIL AND IN THE COLD’
Expressing that the parasite lives in the small intestines of dogs, Perincek provided the following information about the transmission of the disease:
“The disease is transmitted to humans by eggs shed in dog feces. Eggs laid through dog feces are very durable, they can survive in the ground and in the cold for up to a year. Eggs laid with feces are dispersed by the feet of animals, land slope, wind and rain. they get from fruits and vegetables, dirty drinking water. Besides humans, grass-fed animals such as sheep, goats, cattle and buffaloes also get sick from swallowing the eggs. These eggs are taken open in the intestines and pass through the intestinal wall and lodge in the liver, lungs and other organs through blood and lymph respectively.They survive in the form of a cyst.At the beginning of the disease when the cyst is small it can persist for many years without symptoms.However, as the cyst grows, symptoms appear depending on the region it is in and the pressure it is causing.Cysts are most commonly seen in the liver and lungs. Rarely the spleen, peritoneum, kidneys. settle in bones, eye sockets, brain, heart and ovaries. With the localization of the liver, symptoms such as pain, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes itching and jaundice are observed in the upper right part of the abdomen. Lung involvement can cause shortness of breath, coughing, bleeding from the mouth, and chest pain. Tables belonging to these regions appear in other organ and system involvement. For example, in intracranial involvement; Headache, vomiting, loss of consciousness can be seen. Cardiac involvement can include cardiac arrhythmias, signs of infarction, and even rupture of the heart wall. There may be fractures in the bone involvement. When the cyst bursts, allergic reactions can occur.”