Provincial Director Damkacı published a message on the occasion of World Celiac Day. In his post, Damkacı explained that individuals with celiac disease and genetic predisposition develop sensitivity to a protein called gluten, which is found in grains such as wheat, barley and rye, and is insoluble in water, and continued as follows;
“As a result of genetic predisposition, contact with specific environmental factors and immunological mechanisms, an autoimmune enteropathy develops. The disease mainly affects the proximal small intestine, but there are also various organ/system effects. The disease can occur at any age after the addition of grains to the diet Celiac disease can be diagnosed at any age Although it can be diagnosed, it is one of the diseases that are difficult to diagnose Because the symptoms often point to another related disease For example, it can be confused with diseases such as early osteoporosis, anemia , undiagnosed lactose allergy. Among the diagnostic methods, blood tests are pre-diagnosed with serological special tests (AGA, EMA), but the final diagnosis is made by small intestinal biopsy. The only treatment for celiac disease is a strict diet found free of gluten in wheat, barley, rye, oat grains for life.
While the incidence of the disease varies between 1/350 and 1/2 thousand in Europe, the prevalence of the disease is higher in Ireland and Austria. The frequency of the disease varies geographically. The increase in frequency over the last 20 years may be related to the increased awareness of the disease, the ease of application of antibody screening tests and the recognition of atypical/silent cases apart from changes in dietary habits. It is also common among Asian, Indian, South American and Pakistani people. It is rare among people of African, Japanese, and Chinese descent. The incidence of celiac disease in our country varies between 1 percent and 3 per thousand, and while between 250 thousand and 750 thousand celiac patients in Turkey are estimated to be diagnosed in only 10 percent, between 25 thousand and 75 thousand patients are expected .