Breast Diseases Specialist, who made evaluations on the subject, Dr. İlknur Kul Çelik pointed out that pulmonary embolism is a medical condition caused by coagulation in the blood vessels of the lungs. “This condition is often called venous thromboembolism (VTE) and is caused by blood clots in the bloodstream. VTE can occur as a result of long flights, bed rest, or immobility after surgical procedures. Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot breaks off from a vein and causes an artery in the lungs to become blocked. Prolonged immobility is the most common cause of pulmonary embolism. In addition, age, smoking, family history, hormonal treatments, trauma and obesity are among the risk factors for pulmonary embolism. In addition, chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, kidney failure and inflammatory bowel disease can increase the risk of pulmonary embolism.
Noting that the risk of pulmonary embolism increases with age, Çelik said, “Aging causes changes in the body and therefore the risk of clotting increases. As we age, blood vessels lose their elasticity and plaque builds up in the arteries. This can clots in the veins and causes a pulmonary embolism. Smoking contains a number of compounds that affect circulation. These substances can make the blood clot more easily and plaque build up in the veins. “Smoking reduces blood flow through the vessels in the lungs and narrow the blood vessels in other organs and increases the risk of pulmonary embolism,” he said.
exp. Dr İlknur Kul Çelik advised individuals with a family history of pulmonary embolism and said: “The risk of pulmonary embolism increases in the children of patients with a family history of VTE. This is due to a hereditary factor and individuals with a family history should be examined more frequently. For this reason, it is recommended that individuals with a family history of VTE or pulmonary embolism be kept under constant surveillance if possible. Prolonged inactivity is one of the most common causes of pulmonary embolism to reduce risk factors. For this reason, it is recommended that persons who remain in a sitting or lying position for a long time regularly get up and walk and exercise their leg muscles. Healthy eating can help prevent obesity.
Obesity is a factor that increases the risk of pulmonary embolism. Smoking contains a number of compounds that affect circulation. These substances can make the blood clot more easily and cause plaque to form in the veins. Smoking increases the risk of pulmonary embolism. Some medications can increase the risk of pulmonary embolism. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your doctor about the use of medications such as hormonal contraceptive pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Regular exercise improves blood circulation and can reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism. Exercise also helps to prevent obesity. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medications that prevent or reduce blood clotting. These drugs are mainly used after surgical procedures or after a high-risk condition. Therefore, it is important to reduce risk factors to avoid a serious medical condition such as pulmonary embolism. The risk of pulmonary embolism can be reduced by taking precautions such as awareness of risk factors, healthy lifestyle changes, regular exercise, medication, and not smoking. However, if you notice any symptoms or have any risk factors, it’s important to see a doctor.