Cologne, Germany’s fourth largest city, is a destination renowned for its historical and cultural wealth. Cologne Cathedral, located in the city center, is one of the most important of these riches. An outstanding example of Gothic architecture, this cathedral captivates visitors with its historic and architectural charm. You can read on to learn more about the history, architectural features, and transportation of Cologne Cathedral.
History of Cologne Cathedral
Although the idea of building Cologne Cathedral originated in the 7th century, its construction began in 1248. However, due to the financial difficulties and other obstacles encountered at the time, construction was delayed or not even completed. After a long period of construction, Cologne Cathedral is the product of 632 years of effort to complete. This magnificent structure is considered one of the largest places of worship in Europe and has earned the title of the second largest church in Germany and the third largest church in the world.
Architectural features of Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is one of the finest examples of the Gothic style. The cathedral, which stands out with its 157 meters in length and two towers, offers a striking view. It was supposed to have a height that would be higher than any of the churches at the time it was built, and it successfully met this requirement. Construction of the prayer hall under the dome began in 1265 and construction of the south tower began in 1306. Since 1388, the side parts of the long hall have been in use. This date is also considered the founding date of the University of Cologne.
The towers of Cologne Cathedral are important elements that give the Dom a distinctive look. Famous for its staircase of 509 steps, the towers of the cathedral reach a height of 157 meters. By climbing these stairs, visitors can discover the beautiful landscape of Cologne.
Tourist attractions around Cologne Cathedral
1. Cologne Römisches-Germanisches Museum
The Kölner Römisches-Germanisches Museum bears the traces of ancient Roman and Germanic civilizations and offers a fascinating experience for those interested in history. The Cologne City Museum inspires visitors by depicting the city’s history and cultural heritage. By taking a river cruise, you can explore the beauty around the Rhine, enjoy historic bridges and natural landscapes.
2. Alter Market Square
The Alter Markt is located close to the Cologne Cathedral and is known as a historic square. You can taste the atmosphere of Cologne and taste local delicacies by wandering between the colorful houses, cafes and restaurants.
3. Ludwig Museum
The Ludwig Museum houses modern and contemporary art. You can see the works of famous artists such as Warhol, Picasso, Dalí and get an artistic experience. The museum is close to the Cologne Cathedral, so it’s a great opportunity to visit.
4. Hohenzollern Bridge
The Hohenzollern Bridge is located right next to Cologne Cathedral and is one of the city’s symbols. Decorated with thousands of “locks”, the bridge offers a romantic atmosphere and is a great option for those who want to enjoy the view of the river.
How do you get to Cologne Cathedral?
For those who want to visit Cologne Cathedral, the transport options are quite diverse. There is an option for every budget and every preference. Visitors can easily reach this magnificent structure to discover the beauty of the city and experience the enchanting atmosphere of the Cologne Cathedral.
The inner city subway is the fastest and most convenient way to reach Cologne Cathedral. Subway line 5 (KVB) stops at the station “Köln Hauptbahnhof / Dom”, located right next to the cathedral. Cologne Hauptbahnhof serves as the city’s main train station and is just a few minutes’ walk from the cathedral.
Taxi can be ideal for those looking for a faster and more comfortable option. There are many taxi ranks in the city and the time of taxi transfer may vary depending on the traffic conditions.
Access to Cologne Cathedral is easy for those traveling by private car, but it is important to note that parking spaces in the city center are limited. You can park your car in one of the nearby parking garages.
It is also possible to reach Cologne Cathedral by city buses. Cologne’s extensive bus network provides easy access to the cathedral from various parts of the city.
When was Cologne Cathedral built?
Construction of Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 and was completed in 1880.
Who is the architect of Cologne Cathedral?
The main architect of Cologne Cathedral is Ernst Friedrich Zwirner. However, the construction of the cathedral came about with the contribution of many different architects.
How high is Cologne Cathedral?
The tower of the Cologne Cathedral has a height of about 157 meters. For a long time it was considered the tallest structure in the world.
In what style was Cologne Cathedral built?
Cologne Cathedral is built in Gothic style. Gothic architecture is characterized by high arches, elegant columns, large stained glass windows and detailed embroidery.
Which works of art are in Cologne Cathedral?
Cologne Cathedral contains many valuable works of art. These include Gero’s cross, Nikolaus van Leyden’s third Christmas painting, and Peter Hemmel von Andlau’s famous Divine Justice statue.
Is there an entrance fee for Cologne Cathedral?
No, entry to Cologne Cathedral is free. However, you have to pay separately for some parts of the cathedral.