Prague is a historical and cultural center, the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. In this fascinating city there are many important buildings from the Middle Ages. Prague Castle, which stands out among these structures and has become the symbol of Prague, offers visitors a fascinating experience. In this article you will learn more about Prague Castle and explore this impressive structure.
History of Prague Castle
Construction of Prague Castle began in the 9th century and was expanded over time. Influenced by many architectural styles, the castle has been an important political and cultural center since the Middle Ages. It has been used and adapted by various kings, emperors and rulers over the centuries. Prague Castle is considered one of the national symbols of the Czech Republic.
Architectural features of Prague Castle
Prague Castle occupies an area large enough to be considered a city in its own right. It offers its visitors a visual feast with its cathedrals, palaces, churches and historic towers. It is home to beautiful buildings with the influence of Gothic and Baroque styles.
St. Vitus Cathedral is the most remarkable building of Prague Castle. One of the best examples of Gothic architecture with its pointed towers, construction of the cathedral began in 1344 and took nearly 600 years to complete. The cathedral contains the tombs of many national treasures and Bohemian kings.
The Old Royal Palace is one of the oldest buildings in Prague Castle. Built in the 9th century, the palace was built in Romanesque and Gothic styles. Vladislav Hall is the most remarkable part of the palace. Vladislav Hall, a large and magnificent hall, was used for coronations, banquets and tournaments.
Important buildings in Prague Castle
Built on a hill overlooking Prague in the 9th century, Prague Castle is one of the main landmarks of the city, so it is one of the must-see places in the list of places to visit in Prague. There are many structures to visit and see in Prague Castle. Some of these are those:
St. Vitus Cathedral (Katedrála svatého Víta)
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, has many beautiful historic churches. st. Vitus Cathedral (Kathedrala Svateho Vita) is a Roman Catholic church that you will encounter as you pass the first two courtyards of Prague Castle. One of the best examples of Gothic architecture with its pointed towers, the church is the most striking structure of Prague Castle. The construction of the cathedral, which houses many national treasures and the tombs of Bohemian kings, started in 1344 and took almost 600 years to complete.
Former Royal Palace (Newsý královský palác)
The history of this royal palace, one of the oldest buildings in Prague, dates back to the 9th century. It was built in a Gothic structure for Emperor Charles IV. The most striking part of the palace is without a doubt the Vladislav Hall. It is a large, majestic hall used for coronations, banquets and tournaments.
Golden Path of Prague (Zlatá ulicka)
The Golden Path is one of the most popular parts of Prague Castle. In the inner part of the castle wall, colorful houses line the road, where craftsmen used to work in these houses. In addition, some of these cute little houses were also used for purposes such as shops and galleries. The Golden Path, one of the most important parts of Prague Castle, takes its name from the jewelers who lived here in the 17th century. On this road, which is a protest street, II. The colorful houses built for Rudolf’s guards can still be seen today. Although the area was full of slums in the 19th century, it was renovated as before.
St. George’s Basilica (Basilica svatého Jiří)
Going down the third courtyard of Prague Castle, you will come across St. George’s Basilica (Basilica Sv. Jiří). It is said that the Bohemian Duke Vratislaus I founded this basilica in 920 and that his first martyr, the Duchess Ludmilla, was buried here in 925. The church later suffered a major fire in 1142 and was given its current shape through repairs.
Royal Gardens (Královská zahrada)
The Royal Gardens, located in Prague Castle, were founded in 1530 by Ferdinand I. Designed and decorated in the English style, the Royal Gardens impress with hundreds of years old trees. In the southern part of the garden you can admire the view of the city and live concerts are given here from time to time. There is a Renaissance ball court in the garden. The hammer figure added in 1950 also attracts the attention of many domestic and foreign tourists.
Photo gallery of Prague Castle
The Prague Castle Picture Gallery, built in 1965 in the castle, was built by World War II. It was created to showcase the works collected after the Rudolf period. Among the works you can see at the Prague Castle Painting Exhibition, which showcases European and Bohemian masterpieces, are “Portrait of a Girl” by Hans von Aachen, “Gods at Olympia” by Rubens, a three-story portrait of Rudolf, ” Young Girl Sitting at the Dressing Table” by Tiziano.”, Tintoretto’s “The Scourge of Christ”.
How do you get to Prague Castle?
There are several options to reach Prague Castle. You can reach the castle in 15-20 minutes on foot from tourist spots such as Charles Bridge or from the city center. However, the most practical means of transport is the use of trams. The stops Kralovsky, Letohradek, Prazsky Hrad, Pohorelec are the closest tram stops to the castle.
You can also take tram 22 and get off at Prazsky hrad stop. Then you can turn left and walk for about 5 minutes to reach the second courtyard of the castle. Another option is to take the A line (Green) metro and get off at the Malostranska stop and follow tram line 22 for about 100 meters. You reach the starting point of the Oude Kasteeltrap by turning left at the first intersection. From here you can reach the castle by going up the stairs.
Visiting days and hours Prague Castle
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, with its new name, is home to many historical buildings and places. Prague Castle has been receiving many tourists for many years. What about Prague Castle visiting days and hours? Here you will find information about visiting days and times of Prague Castle.
Between April 1 – October 31;
The access times to the castle complex are 06:00 AM – 10:00 PM, the access times to the historic buildings here are 09:00 AM – 05:00 PM
Between November 1 – March 31;
The access hours to the castle complex are 06:00 – 22:00, the access hours to the historic buildings here are 09:00 – 16:00
Interesting facts about Prague Castle
Prague Castle is not only historical and architectural, but also full of interesting information. Here are some interesting unknown facts about Prague Castle:
- Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world, according to Guinness World Records.
- The construction of St. Vitus Cathedral took 600 years.
- The Golden Lane in the castle is where the famous writer Franz Kafka lived for a while.
- The castle complex has been the reigning place of many Czech monarchies and is therefore of historical and political importance.
- Prague Castle is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What is the main building of Prague Castle?
The main building of Prague Castle is St. Vitus Cathedral. This magnificent cathedral forms the heart of the castle complex and is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture.
What is the best season to visit Prague Castle?
Spring and summer are the best seasons to visit Prague Castle. During this period, the weather is warmer and there is a lively atmosphere in the surrounding green spaces.
What is Prague Castle?
Prague Castle is a historic castle complex in Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. The castle, which has existed since the Middle Ages, contains important historical and architectural structures.
Where is Prague Castle located?
Prague Castle is located in Prague’s Hradčany district, on the west bank of the Vltava River. It is close to the city center.
Do I have to pay to visit Prague Castle?
While parts of Prague Castle are free to visit, you may have to pay for some buildings and museums. For information about entrance fees and combi tickets, please visit the official website.