Methods of protection and taking advantage of sunlight

Arguing that it is the most basic condition to be aware of the harm and precautions to be taken against it, to consciously take advantage of sunlight, Dermatology specialist, Uzm. Dr. Nilsu Salih said: “The sun, which is the source of life for all living things; Besides having great benefits in terms of boosting immunity, bone health, energy storage of the body and supporting the vitamins the body needs, it can cause negative effects such as heat stroke, skin burns, exposure to carcinogenic rays as it is not used carefully and controlled. It has especially positive effects on vitamin D synthesis, children’s bone development and improvement of skin health. However, it should not be forgotten that the sun’s rays become dangerous due to the thinning of the ozone layer. This does not mean that you should stay out of the sun, it is necessary to continue to take advantage of the sun by taking the necessary precautions.
Dermatology specialist Dr. Dr. Nilsu Salih answered the questions on the topic as follows:

“What should be taken into account for healthy sunbathing in the summer?”

“The simplest and most harmless way of healthy sunbathing is to go to the sun for a short time and at suitable times. An average of 10 minutes of sunbathing a day is sufficient for the body’s health and immunity.”

“Does the damage from the sun’s rays change according to skin type and color?”

“We divide the skin types into six categories. People we call skin types one and two from light to dark have light-colored eyes and blond hair. People with very light skin are very sensitive to sunlight and suffer from the sun. these two skin types they probably won’t tan if they stay longer however there is an opportunity to tan with the right sunscreen and protective measures the group we call skin type four are people with brown eyes dark hair and a dark complexion skin. Like everyone else, prolonged exposure to the sun poses a risk to skin and body health. They can tan. Skin type The group of five and six are already of the Latin race and live in areas where the effects of the sun lasts a long time, for this reason their skin is less affected by the sun and the time they are under the sun can change.

“How should people benefit from the sun?”

“Every person needs sun and sunbathing. However, contrary to popular belief, this is not to stay under the sun for hours. It is enough to expose areas such as hands, face, arms and legs to the sun for 10 minutes a day In addition to the benefits of sunlight for skin health; To provide vitamin D synthesis, it has important benefits such as improving bone health, strengthening the immune system, protecting brain health, removing excess fat from the body and strengthening teeth. The sun provides 90 percent of the body’s need for vitamin D and vitamin D is very important for bone health.

To make the most of the sun’s rays, you should first use a high-factor sunscreen suitable for your skin type and sunbathing time, watch your diet and wear suitable clothing. While taking advantage of sunlight; Even if you wear thin, light-colored cotton clothing, you should use sunscreen. You need to take fluids to avoid getting heat stroke due to intense heat and sweating in the sun and hot weather. For effective sun protection, renew your sunscreen every 2 hours. To sunbathe, you should choose between 10:00 and 10:30 am and between 4:00 and 5:00 pm. In cloudy weather, you should also use sunscreen to protect yourself from ultraviolet rays. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses to protect your eyes from heatstroke and the sun.

“Is there a difference in the length of sun exposure depending on age group?”

“There is no difference in the duration of sun exposure depending on the age group. But especially given children’s sensitivities, it is necessary to be more careful. Because baby and children’s skins are much more sensitive and unprotected in terms of sunburn.”

“Are SPF Sunscreens Effective?”

“The positive effects of sunscreens with a sun protection factor on protection are of course great, but they are not enough alone. It is not possible to provide protection with these creams alone. Because the sun’s rays not only affect our exposed parts, but also the fabric of our body. Therefore, sun protection is protected by a wide-brimmed hat. It is necessary to support it with sunglasses, cotton and loose clothing.

“Well, do these protective creams have any negative effects on the skin?”

Negative effects can be seen from time to time. There are two types of cream groups as creams that provide chemical and physical protection. The materials used in those that provide physical protection have a low risk of causing a reaction. Chemical preservatives can however, some skin reactions. “There are products on the market. It would be beneficial to avoid them. There are products on the market that prevent the A and B parts (UVA-UVB) of ultraviolet, which provide both physical and chemical protection. A product may be preferred, 30 and 30+, provided they do not contain perfume.”

“What measures are there against sunspots? Is there a treatment for sunspots?”

“There are many types of sun spots. The treatment method is determined according to the characteristics of each spot. However, the common feature of all these forms is the use of sun lotions and creams. It should be remembered that these spots can become dangerous, and a specialist should be consulted for their treatment. We should constantly check our skin and in case of a possible change, a specialist should definitely be consulted. We should consult a doctor.”

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