The volume of blood circulating in women’s veins during pregnancy is about 50% higher than before pregnancy. With the excess volume of blood, there is some expansion in the vessels and some of the excess fluid leaks into the tissues outside the vessel and accumulates between the cells. As a result, swelling in the tissues is called edema. Especially in the last period of pregnancy, there is more pressure on the veins leading to the legs, making it more difficult for blood to flow back to the heart and more fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and legs.
Factors that increase the formation of edema during pregnancy are as follows;
Physiological and hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy,
– Pregnancy in summer or in hot and humid environments,
Being overweight before pregnancy or rapid weight gain during pregnancy,
– Unbalanced and inadequate nutrition during pregnancy,
Not getting enough protein and high salt and caffeine consumption.
– Do not stand for a long time,
-Twin or multiple pregnancy.
What Are The Ways To Prevent Edema During Pregnancy?
– Make sure you don’t stand for a long time and put your feet in the air as often as possible during the day and try to keep them up for a while. You can get support from the wall for this.
– Do not sit cross-legged.
– Dress comfortably during pregnancy, avoid clothing that is too tight for your body. If the swelling is very unpleasant, you can use compression stockings made for pregnant women.
– Try to move regularly. Take short walks during the day and avoid sitting and sitting for long periods of time.
– Do not use tight socks and choose comfortable shoes.
– Drink plenty of fluids, make sure to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day to meet the needs of you and your baby. Contrary to popular belief, drinking water does not increase bloating, but facilitates the removal of waste products that increase bloating.
– Watch your diet. Make sure you get enough protein, as low protein diets increase the formation of edema. Likewise, foods that are too salty increase edema, so limit your salt intake and try not to overdo it. Avoid acidic drinks and alcohol. You can get support from foods like probiotic yogurt, pineapple, pomegranate, kiwi, which are edema relieving during pregnancy.
– Edema during pregnancy is usually harmless, but especially if edema is accompanied by headache and abdominal pain, it is important that you consult your doctor and do not delay your doctor’s checkups, as there may be a symptom of hidden diabetes or hypertension during pregnancy pregnancy.