NASA wanted to send a team of two female astronauts, Anne McClain and Christina Koch, to the International Space Station for a spacewalk in 2019, but a few days before the trip, Nick Hague went into space instead of McClain, as two women-sized spacesuits were not available. were shipped.
Close fit to the body reduces fatigue and the risk of physical injury.
The first thing that a space suit must provide the astronaut is oxygen. This requires careful design, as a flaw in the design could cause the astronaut’s lungs to swell and die.
“The moon is a dangerous place, especially the south pole of the moon, which will be a big challenge for us. The suit has to meet a lot of thermal requirements and provide the astronauts with good mobility,” said Lara Kearney, head of NASA’s space suit division.
Unlike previous suits, this new design uses stitching at the seams to give the astronauts greater flexibility.
There is also lighting and HD (high definition) camera in the helmet.
In this way, the work of astronauts on the lunar surface is followed in high resolution from Earth.
The boots for use on the moon are also designed to withstand the freezing temperatures of the eternally dark surface of the moon.
The new clothing is made using advanced production methods, including 3D printing and laser cutting.
— NASA Artemis (@NASAArtemis) March 15, 2023
Mike Suffredini, CEO of Axiom Space, stated that the space suit they designed will be ready for the harsh conditions of the moon’s south pole.
Experiments on the new suit will continue this year at NASA’s Johnson Space Center.
NASA has allocated $1 billion to the project to produce two suits to catch up with the manned mission to the moon in 2025.
In a 2021 statement, NASA announced that they had spent $420 million to internally design a new spacesuit, but when they were not satisfied with the result, they decided to ask the private sector to finalize the suit’s design. .
The last manned mission to the moon was in December 1972 with the Apollo 17 mission.