Most common health problems during pregnancy

Pregnancy Cramps Cramps during pregnancy are caused by calcium and magnesium deficiency. During pregnancy, the fetus in the mother’s womb grows continuously. With this growth, the need for energy, vitamins and minerals increases. For this reason, pregnant women should benefit from supplements of some minerals to meet these needs of the fetus. to fulfil. Magnesium is one of these important milestones.

Magnesium supplementation is necessary because cramps begin to occur with a deficiency, in addition, the pressure on the venous system in the circulatory system caused by the growing uterus and the resulting circulatory problems can also cause cramps. cramps, which usually occur at night during pregnancy, can also impair sleep patterns. Pregnant women should turn to the obstetrician and start the necessary medications. Recommendations against cramps during pregnancy;

– Light and brisk walks should be taken during the day

– Half-heeled shoes should be used as shoes – Standing or sitting for a long time should be avoided

– Do not cross your legs. – Drink plenty of fluids

– Make sure you don’t put on too much weight

-A hot shower should be taken before going to sleep. Nausea. In the first 3rd month of pregnancy, the effect of hormones increases. Accordingly, nausea and vomiting may occur, especially in the morning. However, this nausea usually starts to subside from the 12th week of pregnancy. In the following months of pregnancy ( It ends completely in the 16th week. It is beneficial to consume odorless, oil-free and non-spicy foods against nausea. It is important to eat less and often. Salty foods ( such as crackers, plain crisps, white chickpeas, crackers, grissini, bananas…) are good against nausea.

If, despite all measures, nausea and vomiting persist, it is advisable to consult a specialist. Reflux in Pregnancy Reflux is the condition of stomach acid flowing back from the stomach into the esophagus. Especially during pregnancy, the pressure of the valve at the end of the esophagus decreases due to the increase in the hormone progesterone. Accordingly, reflux occurs. As the pregnancy progresses. , there is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and due to this situation, it occurs on the stomach. The pressure it brings also increases their complaints. Reflux, which does not occur before pregnancy but begins to appear during pregnancy, often resolves on its own at the end of pregnancy. Food intake should be stopped at least 2 hours before going to bed, a high pillow should be used when lying down and spicy foods should be avoided.

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