Noting that extreme heat poses several health problems, Dr. Renkin Yiğit stated that body temperature increased due to the increase in temperature and humidity.
Noting that normally trying to balance sweating and body temperature, Dr. Yiğit said, “However, at extreme temperatures, body temperature cannot be balanced by sweating alone. It may not always be possible to balance body temperature with the sweat mechanism in the elderly, infants and people with chronic diseases. Again, if the humidity in the environment is high, the body temperature may not drop sufficiently through sweating. In addition, obesity, high fever due to any disease, excessive fluid loss (dehydration), heart disease, mental and nervous disorders, alcohol and drug use, and the use of some therapeutic drugs (hypertensives, diuretics, etc.) also affect sweating in hot weather. are other factors. In such cases, rising body temperature can cause damage to the brain and other vital organs.
Elderly people aged 65 and over, children under 4 years old, dependents, pregnant women, outdoor workers, overweight, chronic diseases (diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, mental disorders, chronic respiratory diseases). with liver diseases, kidney diseases, people who use drugs (especially antihypertensives, diuretics, depression and sleeping pills), street children and the homeless are the affected groups. Renkin Yiğit underlined that the elderly, especially those with chronic diseases who live alone, are the highest risk groups.
Dr. Dr. Yigit made the following statement:
“Those who work outside should be careful not to be exposed to the sun as much as possible, avoid excessive movements and often eat watery foods that contain salt. Light-colored, light, loose and tightly woven fabrics are preferred for outdoor use; a wide-brimmed hat with vents should be worn and sunglasses should be used to protect against the harmful rays of the sun. During the hours when the sun’s rays are steep (10 a.m.-4 p.m.), one should not swim in the sea and sunbathe. Those wishing to swim outside these hours should use sunscreen, take necessary protective measures such as hats and goggles, and avoid sunbathing for long periods.
Morning and evening hours are preferable for intensive physical activity and sports, at least 2-4 glasses of liquid should be taken for every hour of exercise. Strenuous physical activity should be avoided. Adults and the elderly at risk should be checked for sun or sunstroke at least twice a day. The baby should be checked more often in this regard. Babies, children, the disabled and animals must never be left in closed and parked vehicles. The interior temperature of the vehicles rises very quickly after they are parked, even if there is air conditioning. When exiting the vehicle, make sure everyone gets out. Indoor areas should be well ventilated. Sun-exposed windows, curtains, etc. should be shaded with umbrellas. Take a shower regularly so that the body temperature does not rise; where this is not possible, the feet, hands, face and neck should be wetted with cold water or wiped.
Even if there is no feeling of thirst, at least 2-2.5 liters (12-14 glasses) of fluid should be consumed every day. Breakfast should contain low-fat cheeses, olives and fresh vegetables, and instead of caffeinated drinks, milk, fruit juice, herbal teas such as linden and rose hips should be preferred. Consumption of fatty foods and fried foods should be avoided; Vegetable oils should be used in meals. While cooking the food, healthy cooking methods like boiling, grilling, cooking in own juice or in less water should be applied instead of frying and roasting.
A lot of fruits and vegetables should be consumed to increase the body’s resistance and to ensure that the body receives enough vitamins and minerals. To prevent fluid and mineral loss that increases with sweating, more fluid should be taken in than usual. While it is essential to drink water for fluid intake, drinks such as milk, ayran and fruit juice are preferable to coffee, tea and carbonated drinks for fluid intake without water. If fluid intake is restricted or diuretic medication is used by the doctor, it is necessary to consult the relevant doctor. Very cold and icy drinks are not preferred as they can cause stomach cramps. Beverages containing caffeine, alcohol and large amounts of sugar should not be consumed as they cause increased fluid loss from the body. The consumption of food sold outdoors and in the open air should be avoided, preparing and cooking food that can spoil quickly (meat, eggs, milk, fish, etc.).