Stating that cancer, the most important public health problem of our time, is gradually on the rise, ranks second among causes of death after circulatory and respiratory diseases. Dr Yavuz Özoran said: “Cancer is a disease that causes economic, psychological and social problems for the patient and the environment due to factors such as lethality, disability and high cost of treatment, in addition to being a public health problem. The World Health Organization is considering a three-stage war plan in the fight against this disease that harms so many societies. The first of these is the promotion of cancer prevention methods through education, the second is early diagnosis and treatment, and the third is patient rehabilitation. The most effective and most economical of these three stages is the method of protection.
“In 2020, 19.3 million new cancer cases were discovered worldwide. It is estimated that this number will reach 30 million by 2040,” said Özoran, “But not using cigarettes and alcohol, and not increasing body mass index, which is proportional to body weight, may increase cancer development by 1 / 3. Cancer is a genetic disease that occurs with uncontrolled overgrowth. But only 5-10 percent of cases are hereditary. For early diagnosis and treatment, early clinical signs of cancer should be taught to society.
This; hoarseness and cough of unknown cause, bloody sputum, bloody stools and urine, bleeding from genitals, pain, palpable immobile development of hard mass and non-healing wounds. In both sexes, general health checks should be performed starting at age 50, and if there is a family history of cancer, check age should be earlier than check age. In the event of these findings, the doctor should be consulted immediately and the tests recommended by the doctor should be performed. Rehabilitation, the final stage, aims at improving the quality of life of patients with disabilities due to cancer and acquiring the skills they need. Each year, 3.7 million lives could be saved through the development of appropriate strategies for cancer prevention, early stage and treatment. 70% of cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. The economic cost of cancer to the world is estimated at USD 1.16 trillion.