With the increase in the time children spend outside in the hot summer months, illnesses such as sunstroke, burns and skin rashes are becoming more common. At the same time, parents should be careful about the danger of drowning when using the sea and swimming pools. To help. associate Dr. Zeynep Cerit gave information about health problems that are more common in children during the summer months. Dr Zeynep Cerit said: “There can be trauma from falling or hitting while running and playing. Diarrhoea, vomiting, insect, fly bites, bee, snake and scorpion stings are common ailments in children during the summer months. Time outside Spending is a common activity during spring break or summer vacation.However, it is important not to forget to provide protection from the sun’s rays.Because children are more sensitive than adults, they should be especially protected from the sun’s rays.
Recurrent sunburn can cause skin cancer Sunburn, one of the most common conditions of the summer months, causes redness of the skin, an increase in temperature and pain, as with other burns. Zeynep Cerit said that in severe cases, conditions such as blistering, fever, chills and headache can also be seen. Emphasizing that even keeping children under an umbrella or in the shade is not enough to protect them from the sun’s rays from time to time, Cerit said: “Ultraviolet rays adversely affect the skin of babies under one year old. it is known that recurrent sunburn can cause skin cancer in the future. “The best treatment for sunburn is protection,” he said. Sunscreens for children should have a sunscreen factor of at least 30. Cerit said that barrier creams should not only be used to protect against the sun, but also constantly, and that creams should be applied to babies even if they are outside in hot weather. Saying that even in the shade, the sun’s rays reflect negatively on children and babies with sensitive skin, Cerit emphasized that sunscreens have a should have an SPF of at least 30 and that there should be no additives in the creams used. Recommending that the sunscreen should be renewed every 30 minutes to be effective, Cerit says: “If a baby gets a sunburn, apply a cold compress on the affected area. Be careful not to put the ice directly on the skin. Cerit also warns against using sunscreen: “Before applying the sunscreen to a small area of your child’s back, test for an allergic reaction. Avoid applying to the eyelids, gently apply the cream around the eyes. Make sure you apply enough sunscreen.
Apply sunscreen every hour or reapply after swimming or sweating. If your child has a sunburn that causes redness, pain, or fever, see your pediatrician. Cerit, who also recommends using glasses, hats, umbrellas, and thin cotton clothing in the summer, continues: “Carry your baby in the shade of a tree, umbrella, or stroller. Use hats with brims that shield the neck to prevent sunburn. Wear light, cotton clothing that covers arms and legs.” Cerit said that children should not be completely deprived of the sun, stating that vitamin D is an effective protector in many diseases and that at least the children’s arms and legs should be in direct contact with the sun’s rays for 15-20 minutes before using sunscreen.
Cerit said the first and best method of defense against exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays is sun protection. Microbe water swallowed in the sea and swimming pools can cause diarrhea. Cerit said diarrhea is one of the most common health problems in children, especially in the summer. Cerit said the definition of diarrhea in babies under three months is profuse and watery stools that can flow from diapers more than six or seven times a day, continuing: “In hot weather, diarrhea mainly affects children under five. There are several reasons why diarrhea in children increases during the summer season, the main one being that viruses and bacteria that cause infections in hot weather can easily and quickly multiply in food.Another major cause of diarrhea is the microbes in unsanitary drinking water. In addition, the contaminated water that children swallow in the sea and swimming pools can cause diarrhea Preventing water loss is important in the treatment of diarrhea Mention that it is important to prevent water loss in the treatment of diarrhea Zeynep Cerit stated that children with diarrhea drink liquid water, ayran and freshly squeezed fruit juice.Cerit said children with diarrhea should also be given plenty of breast milk during this time, and bananas, peaches, low-fat solid food paste, rice pilaf, and boiled potatoes should be consumed during the illness. Foods such as ready-to-drink fruit juices, sugar and chocolate are among the foods that should not be consumed in case of diarrhea.”
Hygiene is the best way to prevent diarrhoea
Cerit provided information on the precautions to be taken against diarrhea during the summer months and stated that since polluted sea and pool water can cause diarrhea, attention should be paid to the hygiene and cleanliness of the resorts. Cerit said hand sanitizing is very important and stated that packaged products should be consumed and attention should be paid to the food served in open buffets. Cerit said care should be taken to ensure that the drinking water and the water in which the food is washed are clean. Cerit reminded that nosebleeds and wounds caused by insect bites on the skin are also summer problems seen in children, reminded Cerit that the heads of children with nosebleeds should not be thrown back, and stated that the heads of children with nosebleeds should be turned forward should be tilted and the root of the nose should be pressed. Cerit also said that in case of a rash, it is necessary to take a bath with warm water every day and wear thin cotton clothes, recalling that fly and insect bites are common in summer. Cerit said using insecticides and insecticides containing chemicals in indoor environments is harmful to children.
“Rather the sea instead of the pool” Zeynep Cerit, who also stated that choosing the sea instead of the pool could be healthier, said that the pools are more favorable environments for bacteria and viruses to live, so skin- , ear infections, hapatit A and eye diseases can often be the cause. Cerit said it’s possible to reduce the risk of such infections by choosing the sea rather than the pool. shower before and after the pool.