With the increase in the time children spend outside in the hot summer months, illnesses such as sunstroke, burns and skin rashes are becoming more common. At the same time, parents should be careful about the danger of drowning when using the sea and swimming pools. To help. associate Dr. Zeynep Cerit gave information about health problems that are more common in children during the summer months. Dr Zeynep Cerit said: “There can be trauma from falling or hitting while running and playing. Diarrhoea, vomiting, insect, fly bites, bee, snake and scorpion stings are common ailments in children during the summer months. Time outside Spending is a common activity during spring break or summer vacation.However, it is important not to forget to provide protection from the sun’s rays.Because children are more sensitive than adults, they should be especially protected from the sun’s rays.
Repeated sunburn can cause skin cancer
Sunburn, one of the most common ailments of the summer months, causes redness of the skin, an increase in temperature and pain, as with other burns. Zeynep Cerit said that in severe cases, conditions such as blistering, fever, chills and headache can also be seen. Emphasizing that even keeping children under an umbrella or in the shade is not enough to protect them from the sun’s rays from time to time, Cerit said: “Ultraviolet rays adversely affect the skin of babies under one year old. it is known that recurrent sunburn can cause skin cancer in the future.”The best treatment for sunburn is protection,” he said.
Sunscreen for children must contain a minimum factor of thirty.
Cerit said protective creams should not only be used for sun protection, but constantly, stating that cream should be applied to babies even when they are walking outside in hot weather. Saying that even in the shade, the sun’s rays reflect negatively on children and babies with sensitive skin, Cerit stressed that sunscreens should have a sun protection factor of at least 30 and that there should be no additives in the creams used. Recommending that sunscreen should be renewed every thirty minutes to be effective, Cerit says: “If a baby gets a sunburn, apply a cold compress to the affected area. Be careful not to let the ice come in direct contact with the skin. brings.
Cerit also warns against using sunscreen: “Before applying the sunscreen to a small area of your child’s back, test for an allergic reaction. Avoid applying to the eyelids, gently apply the cream around the eyes. Make sure you apply enough sunscreen. Apply sunscreen every hour or reapply after swimming or sweating. If your child has a sunburn that causes redness, pain, or fever, see your pediatrician.
Cerit recommended using glasses, hats, umbrellas and thin cotton clothing in the summer, continuing: “Carry your baby in the shade of a tree, umbrella or stroller. Use hats with a brim that shields the neck to prevent sunburn Wear light, cotton clothing that covers arms and legs.” Cerit said that children should not be completely deprived of the sun, stating that vitamin D is an effective protector in many diseases and that at least the children’s arms and legs should be in direct contact with the sun’s rays for 15-20 minutes before using sunscreen.
Cerit said the first and best method of defense against exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays is sun protection.
Contaminated water swallowed in the sea and swimming pools can cause diarrhoea
Cerit stated that diarrhea is one of the most common health problems in children, especially in the summer, and that diarrhea is defined as more than three watery and large amounts of stool in 24 hours for babies and children over three months old. Cerit said the definition of diarrhea in babies under three months is profuse and watery stools that spill over diapers more than six or seven times a day, continuing: “In hot weather, diarrhea mainly affects children under five. There are There are several reasons why diarrhea in children increases during the summer season. The main one is that viruses and bacteria that cause infections in hot weather can easily and quickly multiply in food. Another major cause of diarrhea is the microbes in unsanitary drinking water. the contaminated water that children ingest in the sea and swimming pools causes diarrhoea.
Prevention of water loss is important in the treatment of diarrhea.
Saying that it is important to prevent water loss when treating diarrhea. Zeynep Cerit stated that children with diarrhea should be given liquid water, ayran and freshly squeezed fruit juice. Cerit said that children with diarrhea should also be fed plenty of breast milk during this time and that bananas, peaches, low-fat pasta of solid foods, rice pilaf and boiled potatoes should be consumed during the illness. Foods such as ready-to-drink fruit juices, sugar and chocolate are among the foods that should not be consumed in case of diarrhea.”
Hygiene is the best way to prevent diarrhoea
Cerit provided information on the precautions to be taken against diarrhea during the summer months and stated that since polluted sea and pool water can cause diarrhea, attention should be paid to the hygiene and cleanliness of the resorts. Cerit said hand sanitizing is very important and stated that packaged products should be consumed and attention should be paid to the food served in open buffets. Cerit said care should be taken to ensure that the drinking water and the water in which the food is washed are clean.
Nosebleeds may become more common
Cerit reminded that nosebleeds and wounds caused by insect bites are also summer problems seen in children, reminded Cerit that the heads of children with nosebleeds should not be thrown back, and stated that the head of children with nosebleeds should be tilted forward and that the root of the nose should be tilted. be pressed. Cerit also said that in case of a rash, it is necessary to take a bath with warm water every day and wear thin cotton clothes, recalling that fly and insect bites are common in summer. Cerit said the use of insecticides and insecticides containing chemicals in indoor environments are harmful to children, so natural preservatives or mosquito nets should be used instead of chemicals applied in the room or on the body, especially to protect babies from flies.
“Choose the sea instead of the pool”
Zeynep Cerit, who stated that it would be healthier to prefer the sea to the swimming pool, said that the swimming pools are a suitable environment for more bacteria and viruses to live, so skin, ear infections, hepatitis A and eye diseases can often be the cause are . Cerit said it’s possible to reduce the risk of such infections by choosing the sea rather than the pool. shower before and after the pool.