Scoliosis can occur due to congenital abnormalities in the development of the spine, as well as due to rapid growth, genetic factors, or diseases that develop in the nervous and muscular systems. However, nowadays, depending on the type of scoliosis, the treatment can be carried out at different times with different methods and satisfactory results can be obtained.
The problem grows into advanced malformations
Explain that scoliosis is defined as the curvature of the spine more than 10 degrees to the right or left, which should normally be in a straight line when viewed from behind. Dr. Çeliktaş emphasized that “in this disease, however, the vertebrae not only move sideways, but also rotate on their own axis, increasing deformity” and emphasized that the placement of internal organs becomes problematic with advanced deformities.
Critical threshold “10 degrees”
Stating that the incidence of scoliosis, which is more common in girls, is 1-6 percent in society, Prof. Dr. Çeliktaş said: “Normally, one in 10 people has minor curvatures below 10 degrees that have no function – or cause health problems. These are considered medically normal. However, if this curvature is greater than 10 degrees, the presence of scoliosis should be stated.”
Treatment options change
Noting that sometimes the curvature caused by scoliosis can even be noticed when looking at the spine from behind and standing upright, but sometimes it is not obvious this way, it can only be understood with the help of forward bending, checks and x-ray films. Dr. Çeliktaş, depending on the size of the curvature and early diagnosis of the disease; He said it can be treated using observation, corset, exercise or surgical methods.
Recognizable in front of the mirror
Stating that the patient can see the differences in the shoulders and waist hollows when he looks in the mirror, Prof. Dr. Çeliktaş said, “If a person sees disparity between shoulder levels in front of a mirror, asymmetry in the loin pits, protrusion of one side of the spine and bone bulge on one side of the back, these are important signs that make us think scoliosis. Scoliosis can be due to congenital bone defects and muscle diseases. “It occurs in a child growing up in a child whose cause is unknown. In old age, scoliosis can develop as a result of degenerations in the spine, similar to calcification in all joints in individuals,” he said.
Non-surgical treatment possible
Prof. Dr. Çeliktaş said that if scoliosis is detected, it is necessary to consult a specialist doctor who will monitor the disease without wasting time. “For example, a patient with scoliosis due to a bone defect should have surgery when he is 2 years old, while a 25 degree scoliosis of a child aged 11-12 can be treated with a corset. Therefore, it is important that parents consciously monitor their children and have scans made at schools.” and emphasized the importance of early diagnosis.
Advanced technologies are used in operations
In the past, cases of scoliosis were considered high-risk by surgeons and surgery was avoided in these patients. However, nowadays there are great advancements in scoliosis surgery, says Prof. Dr. Çeliktaş explained that with the help of advanced technologies such as implant types, neuromonitoring systems and surgical navigation, these surgeries can now be easily performed and it is now easier to achieve successful results with safer and more fixes than before.