Side effects of chemotherapy drugs are most common in the hands and feet.

Lecturer and podiatrist Özlem Demir stated that the chemotherapy drugs used in cancer treatment have different effects, pointing out that the side effects of these drugs on cell division are concentrated in the skin and nail cells that multiply most rapidly in the human body . Özlem Demir gave information about the side effects they often encounter as podiatrists after cancer treatments. Demir said: “After chemotherapy, we often encounter problems with ingrown nails due to the appearance of skin and nail fungus on the feet, which impairs the health of the hands and feet, and related deformities. The formation of cracks in the heels, color changes (darkening or yellowing) of the fingernails and toenails, easy breaking, vertical or horizontal lines, or swelling, redness and peeling such as in hand and foot syndrome require separate treatment.

Noting that caring for the hands and feet of cancer patients is important, Özlem Demir said taking precautions in a timely manner will ensure that patients are protected from the problems they may encounter both during and after cancer treatments. Demir stated that the side effects in cancer treatment are generally observed after the third or fourth cycle of treatment and recovery begins no later than four weeks after the dose of the drug is reduced. , bullae and pain on the palms and soles of the feet, especially due to the accumulation of the drug on the hands and feet explained the measures to be taken.

“Put ice packs on joints, keep away from heat and sunlight”

According to Özlem Demir, who recommends placing ice packs on hand and foot joints during and after chemotherapy treatment and keeping hands and feet moist by soaking them in cold water, limiting exposure to hot water and avoiding contact with heat ; Avoid direct exposure to sunlight, use sunscreen and prefer cool places.

“Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water and fluids a day”

Demir advises patients to minimize friction in the hands and feet after treatment and to avoid strenuous exercise that could cause trauma. He also warned to use urea-containing solutions to moisten the hands and to drink at least 8-10 glasses of water and fluids to drink. day.

“Shorten nails, leave nail food, do not use nail polish and acetone”

Özlem Demir stated that in order to avoid nail structure disorders and diseases, cancer patients should first keep their fingernails and toenails short, and emphasized that if patients have nail eating habits, they should definitely stop this habit in terms of infection. Demir stated that applying manicure, pedicure and artificial nails should be avoided and cuticles should never be touched. Demir noted that they do not recommend using nail polish and acetone under any circumstances. Demir said: “Especially if the toenails are more affected and hanging nails are observed, our patient’s nail will normally grow back about six months after the end of the treatment. It is also important that this treatment support is provided by podiatrists who are trained to follow the oncological process of the patients and who are specialized in medical hand and foot care.

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