Recalling that the most well-known disease associated with smoking is lung cancer, Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tayfun Çalışkan said: “Apart from this, smoking during pregnancy and exposure to cigarettes in early childhood hinder children’s lung development and increase the risk of developing asthma. “Smokers with asthma have a higher risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than non-smokers.”
Assoc. Dr. Tayfun Çalışkan said: “The most effective method of reducing the progression of COPD and related deaths is smoking cessation. Smoking can also cause a number of diseases that interfere with the normal functioning of the lungs by disrupting the spongy structure of the lungs. Among them, those strongly associated with smoking are respiratory bronchiolitis, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
The duration of smoking affects the risk of lung cancer
Emphasizing that the duration and intensity of smoking also influence lung cancer risk, Chest Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Tayfun Caliskan: “People who smoke 1-5 cigarettes a day have a 9 times higher risk of developing lung cancer than those who never smoke. The risk of developing lung cancer in people who smoke 1-5 cigarettes a day and who quit smoking under the age of 40 is similar to those who have never smoked. But even if people who smoke 6-15 times a day stop smoking under 40, the risk of developing lung cancer is 1.8 times higher than those who have never smoked. “The risk of lung cancer is 3 times higher in people who smoke 1 to 5 cigarettes a day and quit when they are over 40 years old,” he said.
Passive smoking is also a cause of disease
Emphasizing that secondhand smoke is secondary exposure, direct exposure to cigarette smoke smoked by someone else, Assoc. Dr. Tayfun Çalışkan said: “Tertiary exposure occurs through the accumulation and exposure of chemicals such as nicotine, formaldehyde and naphthalene on soft surfaces such as clothing, furniture, beds and curtains, as a result of indoor smoking. In addition to lung cancer, coronary heart disease and stroke can also affect pregnant women and cause low birth weight. Smoking can also cause sudden infant death syndrome, lung infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children.
Quit smoking clinics support smoking cessation
Underlining that psychosocial support is provided to people who use tobacco products and wish to quit in smoking cessation outpatient clinics, and that drug treatments and nicotine replacement treatments are applied to those who deem it necessary, Assoc. Dr. Tayfun Çalışkan said: “Smoking cessation is defined as 1 year of not smoking. While the success rate in the self-stop strategy is 8-25 percent, the success rate in people who enrolled in the outpatient clinic to stop smoking was found to be between 20 and 40 percent. That is why it is very important to get support for quitting smoking.