Saying that ovarian cancer is one of the most challenging cancers that can happen to a woman, says Dr. Tuğçe Demir gave important information on the occasion of May 8, World Ovarian Cancer Day. Dr. Demir stated that ovarian cancer occurs due to the uncontrolled growth and proliferation of cells in the ovarian tissue and said, “Ovarian cancer is one of the types of cancer that evolves rapidly and insidiously. It usually produces symptoms as it progresses; For this reason, we recommend a gynecological examination once a year, which is our greatest measure against this important cancer.
Aside from routine checkups, he recommends that these patients have more frequent checkups if there is a family history of cancer. Demir said that while there are no symptoms in some patients with ovarian cancer, irregular bleeding in some patients and groin pain in others are quite common. Dr Demir said: “There are some symptoms of ovarian cancer. Sensation of bloating or pain in the abdomen or groin, weakness, fatigue, nausea, constipation, etc. If we look at all these things, it can also be a symptom of many diseases.These symptoms, which are similar to many problems that women often experience, are generally ignored by women.They delay the visit to the doctor.Unfortunately, this delay means further progression of ovarian cancer.
“Regular gynecological examinations are very important”
Dr. Demir said: “Here again, our routine gynecological examinations play a role. The goal here is not to be late for some things, to catch them early; That is why we emphasize the importance of annual gynecological examinations. Therefore my advice to all women; Let’s not neglect our annual gynecological examinations,” he said.
As the lack of ovarian cancer screening tests reduces the rate of early detection, the annual gynecological exam has become an advantage. Demir stated that the causes of ovarian cancer are not fully known, the triggering factors vary depending on the type of ovarian cancer, but genetic predisposition plays a very important role in aggressive types.
“1.4 in 100 women”
Dr. Noting that the incidence increases with age and ovarian cancer is seen in an average of 1.4 in 100 women throughout life, Demir said: “While ovarian cancer patients, generally seen after menopause, have a survival rate of 80 -90% with early diagnosis and treatment.” This rate drops to 30 percent in patients. That is why we attach importance to detecting and treating this cancer at an early stage,” he said.
“It is divided into 3 groups as good, bad and in between”
Dr. Demir said: “After the diagnosis of the disease, the method of treatment is determined based on the characteristics of the tumor. In general, we apply the ovarian-sparing surgery approach based on patient age in benign patients. However, depending on the type of cancer, methods such as bilateral ovarian removal and methods such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy may be used.